Main Article: Filipino folk music Philippine gong music can be divided into two types: the flat gong commonly known as gangsa and played by the groups in the Cordillera region of the bossed gongs played among the Islam and animist groups in the Southern Philippines. Kulintang refers to a racked gong chime instrument played in the southern islands of the Philippines, along with its varied accompanying ensembles. Different groups have different ways of playing the kulintang. Two major groups seem to stand-out in kulintang music.
These are the Maguindanaon and the Maranaw. The kulintang instrument itself could be traced to either the introduction of gongs to Southeast Asia from China from before the 10th century CE, or more likely, to the introduction of bossed gong chimes from Java in the 15th century. Nevertheless the kulintang ensemble is the most advanced form of music from before the late 16th century and the legacy of hispanization in the Philippine archipelago. The tradition of kulintang ensemble music itself is a regional one, predating the establishing of borders between the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia.
It transcends religion, with animist and Christian ethnic groups in Borneo, Flores and Sulawesi playing kulintangan; and Muslim groups playing the same genre of music in Mindanao, Palawan and the Sulu archipelago. It is distantly related to the Gamelan music orchestras of Java and Bali, as well as the musical forms in Mainland Southeast Asia, mainly because of the usage for the same bossed racked gong chimes that play both melodical and percussive. Notable folk song composers include the National Artist for Music Lucio San Pedro, who composed the famous “Sa Ugoy ng Duyan” that recalls about the loving touch of mother to her child. Another great composer who’s known as patriotic composer, Alfredo Buenaventura.
Harana and Kundiman
The Harana and Kundiman are lyrical songs popular in the Philippine Islands dating back to the Spanish period. Harana are traditional courtship songs in the Mexican-Spanish tradition based on the habanera rhythm while the Kundiman, which has pre-colonial origins from the Tagalog region, uses triple meter rhythm. Kundiman is also characterized by a minor key at the beginning and shifts to a major key in the second half. Its lyrics depict a romantic theme, usually portraying love, passion, or sadness. In the 1920s Harana and Kundiman became more mainstream musical styles led by performers such as Atang de la Rama, Jovita Fuentes, Conching Rosal, Sylvia La Torre and Ruben Tagalog.
The Tinikling is a Philippine dance which involves two individual performers hitting bamboo poles, using them to beat, tap, and slide on the ground, and fartand against each other in co-ordination with one or more dancers who steps over, and in between poles.
The Cariñosa (meaning loving or affectionate one), is a Philippine national dance from the María Clara suite of Philippine folk dances, where the fan, and handkerchief plays an instrument role as it places the couple in romance scenario. The dance is similar to the Jarabe Tapatío. The Cariñosa is accompanied with Hispanic music, and language. It is also related to Kuracha, Amenudo and Kuradang in the Visayas and Mindanao Area.
The Rondalla is performed on ensembles comprising mandolin instruments of various sizes called banduria composed on the Iberian tradition. Other instruments including guitars, is also performed.It is original to Spain.
...animals respond to music that's who they say. Music is for every occasion- from partying to Rock 'n' Rolla disco, from everyday life to a wedding anniversary and even to a somber funeral, everything has music embedded in it. Its magic alright- though we never reap every beat has our vocal cords vibrating, it causes adrenal to pump throughout the body and every muscle aching jump on the dance floor. So what is music? Well in a sense every sound produced from clapping two hands to slapping a person is music; The more recognized pundits define it as an arrangement of sounds in a pleasing sequence or combination to be sung; or played on instruments. Well who cares about music in a prolonged sense- music are something universal, something unique, and something which is soothing to our heart, our senses, which makes our nerves calm down- the effect is simply astonishing. Its like a web you have been caught in, a web of music, a web in which where ever you go you find music, music to touch your heart, to take you, in a sense, under its control. And why not- music tames the wildest beasts- even the critics have no answer to that Music is of many types- rock, jazz, classical raga, pop, flat, country, chamber, folk- yes folk is there too. Every community has some sort of traditional music to suit their rhythm. Then there is classical music that portrays the life's culture and tradition, rock music that tends to shake you up, and several other types of music that are all......
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...Classical Indian Music It is undeniable that the music of a people is embedded in their culture and traditions, and so is the Indian classical music. The tones and sounds of the Indian music bear influence from the Hindu religion and their culture. Instrumentation and notation has been quite unique unlike the Western music. Ravi Shankar is among Indian musicians who have revolutionalized the classical Indian music and has won three Grammy Wards. Although Shankar interacted with other artists from other cultures, his music reflects on the Indian musical traditions. The classical Indian music is reputed style of music which even today espouses the aesthetics of the ancient times despite having had influence from other genres of music (Massey & Massey, 1996). The classical music of India is categorized into two; the Hindustani music which is from Northern Indian region and Carnatic music from Southern India. Massey and Massey (1996) argue that a common similarity of the two genres is that they employ one raga per song and the music has heavy improvisation element. Raga is what may be compared to mode or scale in Western music. The difference is evident because Hindustani music has the heavy influence of Persian music as opposed to Carnatic music and vocalist element is emphasized in Carnatic music than in Hindustani music. The Indian music is characteristic of tala which is considered as rhythmic pattern enhanced by drums called the tabla and the accompaniment the stringed......
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...Music ever since the first note was played has always been beloved in some way by mankind; though different tastes come into play music still has that power that allows any individual to just get away from the stresses of the world. Music allows you to express yourself when you hide the rest of who you are to try to fit in or impress society. But most importantly music can help with certain types of depression because of how it affects each individual. Music helps with our society bond which in my opinion is one of the only few things I see our society bond on. Ever since I was a kid I always loved music or playing it, it was weird, I was able to pickup basically any instrument and play it like a natural, but that’s not why I kept playing music, I did it for the feeling of release it gave me. The release of stress from school, chores, homework, whatever stressed me out I put into my music and I started getting really good at playing music. See it’s not so much playing the music or listening to it which relieves the stress, it’s actually letting yourself hear the emotion in the song or the notes you play and allow yourself to just let go and allow that euphoria to take over to where it’s just you listening or playing and no one else in this world can interrupt you. Express yourself, a small quote I guess you could say everyone is afraid to do. Yet those who do are frowned upon in today’s society; everyone is afraid to show their true colors because they’re afraid of how......
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...MUSIC IN THE BEGINNING WHICH MUSIC IS OF GOD? Intro: We were created for praise and worship. The greatest desire of our life should be to praise and worship God. The reason we live is to worship Him. Worship is our first responsibility to God. God did not need to create you, but He chose to create you for His enjoyment. You exist for His benefit, His glory, His purpose and His delight. “Because of His love God had already decided that through Jesus Christ He would make us His children-this was His pleasure and purpose.” (Ephesians 1:5) When we worship, our goal is to bring pleasure to God, not ourselves. Worship is not a part of your life; it is your life. Worship not just for church services. We are told to “worship Him continually” and to “praise Him from sunrise to sunset.” Praise should be the first activity when you open your eyes in the morning and the last activity when you close them at night. David said, “I will thank the Lord at all times. My mouth will always praise Him.” God is seeking for worshippers: John 4:23 But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to worship Him. * The spirit part of an unsaved man is dead. * However, the spirit part of those who have received Jesus in their lives is alive. * There can be no true worship unless our spirit is alive. This happens when we receive Jesus as our personal Savior. I. Music in......
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...THE TRADITIONAL VIETNAMESE MUSIC: PRESERVING AND DEVELOPING ((( Student Name: Phan Hong Dang ID number: K1440540 Kingston University. Plan THE TRADITIONAL VIETNAMESE MUSIC: PRESERVING AND DEVELOPING I/ Introduction - Music definition: + John Cage: “There is no noise, only sound” + Another musician: arts from using sound - Introduce this topic: Vietnamese traditional music: + Definition traditional music + The importance of traditional music II/ Main body - Define and explant traditional music - Explant the traditional instrument - Argument about traditional music is very important - Preserving and developing traditional music III/ Conclusion - Music advantages and explain - Traditional music is very important and all people should preserve and develop. THE TRADITIONAL VIETNAMESE MUSIC: PRESERVING AND DEVELOPING. Nowadays music is very popular and important in the world. However, there are some people who know the origin of music. A little people think music created by African in 50.000 years ago. In different way, some people think music came from the Greek (Wikimedia). What is the music, which can make people to think and develop in each period? John Cage (1937), who is the 20th century composer, reveals that music is the sound. He believes that any sound can be music such as voice, sound of life and he says “There is no noise, only......
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...) Describe the three basic types of music heard in original scores during the silent film era and cites specific examples from The Birth of a Nation. (10 points) Adaptations of classical works, arrangements of well-known melodies, and newly composed music are the three basic types of music that is heard in The Birth of the Nation. Adaptations of Classical Works involve large action and dramatic scenes in most cases, but, Mass a passage in the Birth of the Nation that was attributed to Mozart that was used for the ending and also during Lincoln’s assassination. But most commonly Classical works is placed in tense, apprehensive, action and violent moments throughout the film. Arrangements of well-known melodies are primarily used to bring about emotions and create the disposition or set the moods. Tunes such as “Maryland, My Maryland” and “Dixie” are put into the film to create a brighter, not as tense view. New music which is the third basic type of music that is head in original scores during the silent film era with specific examples from The Birth of the Nation, D.W Griffith uses new music to create themes that represent the aspect of the story and also to alter the themes to reflect the changes that are occurring in the story. 2) What is the role of source music in Casablanca? (10 points) Casablanca uses source music to identify a scene, to compliment the character or mood, and to introduce the famous melody. Casablanca is set around a war and because of......
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...Music is an integral part of our life. We can hear music everywhere: in the streets and at home, over the radio and on TV, in the shops and in the parks. People all over the world are fond of music. They listen to music, they dance to music, they learn to play musical instruments. It is varied because it reflects different human emotions. If we ask several people what kind of music they like, all of them will give different answers. Tastes differ. But the world of music is boundless and everybody can find there something that satisfies his tastes and demands. And all the people will agree that our world will be dull without music. We enjoy music because it influences our mood and imagination, reflects our inner state and character, arouses deep emotions and makes us think. It helps us to remove from tiredness and tension or find new strength, get new energy and optimism. Specialists explain that music isn't only a combination of pleasant sounds. It is an art which reflects life. There are a lot of different kinds of music. Some of them appeared long ago, and some are modern. For example, folk music appeared long ago, but it is still alive. There are many local performers, choirs and folk groups in Russia. Folk songs are very tuneful and pleasant to listen to. Classical music is often associated with the music of the past. However, this style also includes music being written now, and we may speak of modern classical music. Rap is a modern musical style where the singer......
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...Paper #1: Music World History 4th period Music has been around since the Paleolithic age and has evolved through the years, entertaining almost every person alive. Like said in the thesis statement, music has been around since the Paleolithic age, as time went on music evolved. There are many different variations of music. The variations tend to revolutionize throughout the ages. The different genres of music consist of pop, rock and roll, hip hop, rap, jazz, and many more. Everyone’s taste in music is different, it could depend on their personality or their mood. Music can be used in so many different ways. It is amazing how music is a part of everyone’s life, even though they may not know. I consider music to be the anchor for all entertainment. Music can be played by many different instruments. It can be played by almost anything from pens, guitars, drums, electronic devices, and basically almost every item in the world. Like I said in the previous paragraph; I consider music to be the anchor for all entertainment. I say this because music itself is entertaining just listening too, but music also gives “spice” to things. It’s like a cherry on top of an ice cream sandwich, just think of a movie without music. I don’t think that is even possible for someone to make a movie without music. The first black and white motion pictures were actually just music and well, moving pictures. I think that music helps many people, it can be used as a stress relieve. Music can......
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... Music is my friend, my doctor and love of my life. There are countless amount of people with headphones listening to music and simultaneously blocking out the outside world around them. Today stress is taking a huge toll on a person’s everyday life. We need some kind of escape and here is the music. It helps me to relax, to enjoy the life and make every moment better. I think that music has some biological connection with our body when we listening it. It has a great power. “Whithout music life would be a mistake.”- sad Friedrich Nietzsche. I tottaly agree. I can’t even imagine how the world would look like if there was no music. You can see many genres and artists in my playlist. Some of them gives me the strength, some gives me hope, some of them makes me to accept life as it is. Music is important part of life. It is a form of expression. It has no boundaries and it follows no guidelines. Essentially, to me, music is like air. It has no true shape or definiton, yet we need it to live. Imagine a world without music. All you’re left with is dust. Music is life istelf. As I mentioned, Music is one of the few things, that can help you escape your reality. No mater how bad things are, music has the potential to make you forget all about it. Music can spark any emotion. It can hold memories. It can tell stories. It will always be there. It will never vanish. You can’t touch music, but music can touch you. There are various type of music in the world. For......
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Music of Mindanao
...l Subject: MAPEH (MUSIC) TOPIC: MUSIC OF VISAYAS VISAYAS MUSIC The Visayas region is situated between the islands of Luzon and Mindanao. Well-known provinces in this region include Iloilo, Cebu, Negros Occidental/Oriental, Samar, Leyte and Bohol. It is the home to some of the Philippines' best singers like Pilita Corales, Dulce, and Sheryn Regis. Most Visayan songs or music are written in duple or triple meter with a simple melody that is easy to sing. Folk songs like Si Pilemon, Pakitong-kitong, Ili-ili Tulog Anay, Rosas Padan and Matud Nila originated from this region. The long list of Visayan folk songs includes lullabies, working songs, harana and children's songs. Here are example of Visayan folk songs: *Children's song - Ilo nga Bata *Drinking song- Condansoy *Working song - Si Pilemon *Epic song - Kandu *Serenade song - Matud Nila *Debate song - Balitaw *Nonsense song- Pakitong-kitong Pinalangga Ko is a children's song that tells of how the child is loved and well-taken care of by his parents. One of the most popular musical styles in the Visayan region is the balitaw. The balitaw is a song-and-dance debate between a man and a woman that deals with topics about love and marriage. In the Negros province, the Managsaon is a very popular music. It is a kind of fresh epic where two groups of singers sing in a chanting manner using the call-response style. Here......
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The Mindanao Conflict
...Muslims in the Philippines: The Mindanao Conflict The Philippines is composed of over seven thousand islands and islets and is the only Christian majority nation in Southeast Asia. Of these islands, Mindanao makes up one-third of the island of the Philippines and is home to twenty one million residents who represent a quarter of the Filipino population. For decades, Mindanao has experienced ethno religious conflict. The Mindanao conflict between the Muslims of the Philippines and the Christian Filipino government dates back over forty years. The Muslims believe that they have never been a part of the Philippines and that the struggle today can be related back to the war of independence from Spanish and then American rule. On the other side, the Filipino government argues that the Muslims have to obtain land that is in accordance with the law and is accepted by the community. This disagreement has been the underlying conflict between the state and the Muslim community. Among the reasons for conflict in Mindanao today, religious beliefs best represent why problems arose, not merely because it was the underlying factor for years, but because of its impact on all aspects of culture: its affect on the comminutes identity, the political roles, and the nationality of the region. The conflict in Mindanao began in the late sixteenth century when the Philippines were colonized by Spain. This colonial rule influenced the ethnic and religious structure of the Philippines, in huge part...
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...Ryan Hunt, Publishing Co: Tygaman Music/EMI Blackwood Music Inc (BMI), Young Jackson, Featuring samples from the Cedric Gervais recording “Molly” Produced under license from Big Beat Records, A Warner Music Group Company and Money Publishing Inc/Warner Chappell Publishing (BMI), Jess Jackson Publishing (BMI), Recorded at: Ameraycan Recording Studio, Los Angeles, CA, 3 Beat Records, One Love and Spinnin’ Records. Used by permission. All rights reserved. Contains excerpts from the composition “Molly” written by The Hit Factory, Miami, FL, Recorded by: Jess Jackson, Michael (Banger) Cadahia, Recording Assistant: Matt Anthony, Mixed at: Ameraycan Recording Cedric Depasquale and Carlos Cid. Used by permission. Wiz Khalifa appears courtesy of Rostrum Records/Atlantic Recording Corporation & featuring Studio, Los Angeles CA, Mixed by: Jess Jackson, Vocal Production by: Jess Jackson, Michael “Tyga” Stevenson, Lil Wayne appears courtesy of Cash Jamal “Mally Mal” Rashid. Money Records, Inc. 07 FOR THE ROAD FEAT. CHRIS BROWN 02 DOPE FEAT. RICK ROSS Written by: M. Stevenson, C. Brown, D. Quinn, L. Edwards, J. Jackson, B. Alexander Morgan, J. Pastorius, Produced by: Lil’C and Mars, Additional Written by: M. Stevenson, W. Leonard Roberts II, M. Roberts, J. Jackson, C. Broadus, A. Young, C. Wolfe, Produced by: FKi for FKi Productions/Defient, Production by: Jess Jackson, Publishing Co: Tygaman Music/EMI Blackwood Music Inc (BMI), Songs of Universal,......
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Music of Maranao
...Music of the Maranao KOLINTANG The popular kolintang (gong melody) is played in different instrumental combinations, but the Maguindanao ensemble is said to have the most developed melodic permutation. The ensemble is composed of a set of eight gongs of graduated sizes arranged in a row (kolintang), a suspended gong with a thin sound (babendir), a drum (debakan), one or two suspended gongs (agong), and a pair of gongs with narrow rims (gandingan). The kolintang is a counterpart of the Malaysian or Indonesian gamelan, except that it is an ensemble strictly of percussion instruments. No wind or string instrument is played to accompany it. The principal eight-gong series (kolintang) is used to play a variety of meaningful compositions; the other gongs and the drum follow its beat. n Maranao the musical or poetical compositions played on the kolintang usually have dual meanings: literal and "cultural." Here are some examples: | KaseladengPalagoy kaseladeng Ka kerarab a kalasan. | DeerRun, run away, deer For the forest is burning. | TAGONGKO and KAPANIRONG Besides the kolintang, other musical ensembles popular among the Maranao are the tagongko and the kapanirong. Tagongko is parade or entourage music played by male musicians dressed in their festive fineries. It is outdoor music, while kolintang is indoor music. The instrumental ensemble consists of a number of medium-sized gongs called mamalala; a number of small, high pitched, and shallow gongs called pong;......
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...Functions of Music Music therapy Music therapy is a treatment method that involves using music to enhance health. There are many different approaches to music therapy, including creating music, listening to music, and talking about music. Although music therapy is often used to promote mental and emotional health, it may also help improve quality of life for people coping with physical health conditions. . In the 17th century, the scholar Robert Burton's The Anatomy of Melancholy noted that music has an "excellent power ...to expel many other diseases" and he called it "a sovereign remedy against despair and melancholy." What Does Music Therapy Involve? A music therapy session may incorporate a number of different elements, such as making music, writing songs, or passively listening to music. While music therapists often aim to foster the patient's emotional expression, there can be many other different goals in a music therapy session. These goals include relief of stress or anxiety, improvement of mood, and enhancement of quality of life for people dealing with illness. Research shows that patients do not need to have any musical ability to benefit from music therapy. Benefits of Music Therapy Here's a look at some key study findings on the health effects of music therapy: 1) Music Therapy and Depression Music therapy may help some patients fight depression, according to a review published in 2008. Researchers sized up data from five previously......
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Mindanao Energy Crisis
...Solar power won’t end Mindanao’s energy crisis MANILA, Philippines—The clamor for a quick installation of solar projects in Mindanao is not the solution to the power crisis on the island as it will only worsen the burden on consumers, a group of prominent economists said. The Foundation for Economic Freedom (FEF) warned the government against heeding calls for solar projects as a way out of the power blackouts in Mindanao, noting that certain vested interests were being pushed “in the guise of being environmental activists.” “Together with their loud demand for solar projects, which are supposed to be environmentally friendly, is an insistence by vested interests to immediately implement a feed-in-tariff for solar projects,” the FEF said in a press statement on Saturday. “Because power coming from solar projects is very expensive, solar investors are asking that all power consumers subsidize them through the feed-in-tariff, a universal surcharge on consumers to pay for the difference between the solar cost of energy and the average cost, estimated to be at least 12 centavos per kilowatt hour,” the FEF said. So instead of alleviating the power situation in Mindanao by making available cheaper sources of energy, solar projects will actually add to the burden of consumers, the FEF said. The economists added that this additional burden would be shouldered by consumers for a long time even if the cost of producing electricity from solar power comes down because under......
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