Human Geography Extended Essay Topics

IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay, but it doesn't have to be a source of stress! In this article, I'll get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to get an A.    

If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student getting ready to write your Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?


Why Should You Trust My Advice?

I'm a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to receive an A on my IB Extended Essay. If you don’t believe me, the proof is in the IBO pudding,

If you're confused by what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In layman’s terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received a grade A. 


What Is the Extended Essay?

The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the supervision of an advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article). I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in this article.

For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to be approved by IBO (which is not very difficult). You can do a typical research paper such as in this paper, or you conduct an experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper. Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to one at another school through the Pamoja Education). I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below. 

The IB Extended Essay must include: 

  • A cover page
  • An abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay)
  • A table of contents
  • The 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an experiment would)
  • A bibliography
Your completed Extended Essay will then sent to the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on grading below). 



What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay?

You can technically write about anything, so long as the IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into one of theIB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldn’t be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay: 

You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the options are limitless? I will help you with that next:



6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay

Below are the six key tips you need to follow to write an outstanding Extended Essay.


Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy 

I love British theatre and ended up writing mine about a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the Extended Essay seriously. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC’s School of Dramatic Arts program and in my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship.   

How do you find a topic you are passionate about? Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. Do you like Math because you like to problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts?

Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper. What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on this type of brainstorming. 


Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad or Too Narrow

This is a fine line. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can’t write 4,000 words on it. You can’t write about WWII because that would be a book's worth of material. You don’t want to write about what type of soup prisoners of war received in POW camps because you probably can’t come up with 4000 words on it. However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and failures. This may be too obvious of a topic, but you get my point.

If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. 

I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to show a transition in British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the significance of the comparison. The key here is that the comparison needs to be significant. I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre.

Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out there on the exact topic, it may be too broad. If there are only 2 books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of advisors:


Don't get stuck with a narrow topic!



Tip #3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Familiar With Your Topic 

If you are not certain of who you would like to be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of your top three choices. Next, create a list of pros and cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!).

For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an experiment to compare the efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms. White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. She could help me design my experiment. I am going to ask Ms. White! 

Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to guide you in writing your English EE.

EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is passionate and knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Consider all of your options first before you do. There was no theatre teacher at my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, but I chose the next best thing.

Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. 


Tip #4: Choose an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best

Some teachers may just take on students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and may not give you a lot of feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the time to read several drafts and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the draft better.

Ask a teacher that you have experience with through class or an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher who does not know you is unlikely to push you. 

Note: The IBO only allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the EE. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the EE.


Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow

IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument. An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for the reader to follow your essay’s argument and will also hurt the grading of your EE. 

The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on whether or not you include diagrams). Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis.

If you are conducting an experiment or analyzing data such as in this EE, your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the experiment.  


Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later!

You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in a week and get an A. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). Start the research possible as soon as possible. 

Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator.

Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline. Here is my recommended timeline, it is earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember):

  • January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). 
  • February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor). 
  • April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least 7-10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline. 
  • Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won’t be able to get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc.  
  • August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback. Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. 
  • September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft. 
  • November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to be sent off to IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. 


The early bird DOES get the worm!


How’s the Extended Essay Graded?

Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on a scale of 0 to 36. There are "general" and "subject-specific" criteria, at a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for the general criteria and 12 marks for the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into a grade from A to E, using the below parameters:

Rubric Assessment Points Earned Descriptor Letter
Grade 30 – 36Excellent: A
25 – 29Good: B
17 – 24Satisfactory: C
9 – 16Mediocre: D
0 - 8Elementary: E

Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008):

% Awarded Grade






Extended Essay






How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma?

The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least). 



So, let’s say you get an A on your EE and a B on TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the extended essay or theory of knowledge and still be awarded a diploma. However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an IB diploma.


Sample Extended Essays

In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A EE. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure:  


What’s Next?

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Past extended essay topics covered in Oulun Lyseo are found in the list below. Jump to year 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.


  • Harjapää Johanna: History: An examination of the influencies of the Varjakka sawmill on the people of Oulunsalo
  • Harmainen Samppa: Biology: ATP binding to histone H1: Implications for high-order chromatin structures in eukaryotic cells
  • Hiltunen Jussi: History: Nationality policies in Soviet Carelia 1953-1964
  • Immonen Anna: Biology: A comparison between two waterfowl census methods: point and round count method
  • Koponen Riina: Biology: The classification of a lake Rukasenlampi by the birds, vegetation and the physical features of the lake
  • Koutaniemi Aarne: Economics: What kind of relationship is there between share-prices and short-term interest prices?
  • Lehtinen Helka: History: Evaluation of the evacuation procedures from Carelia between 1939 and 1945
  • Liedes Antti-Pekka: Computer Science: How IB students could use Internet for educational purposes
  • Matikainen Harri: Chemistry: An equilibrium study on the binding offlavin derivatives to the riboflavin-binding protein in egg white using fluorescence quenching
  • Meskus Jonne: Biology: Investigating the relationship of different light wavelengths to the rate of photosynthesis in Elodea canadensis
  • Miettunen Päivi: History: The red and white terror and treatment of prisoners of war during and after the Finnish civil war
  • Patokoski Jussi: Finnish Literature: Parin hajoamisen merkitys viidessä Rosa Liksomin novellissa kokoelmasta Tyhjän tien paratiisit
  • Pätsi Jukka: Chemistry: Comparative study of the nitrate-ion(NO3-) content in different parts of the river Kiiminkijoki waterway using a spectrophotometric method
  • Rantala Olli: Finnish Literature: Lassi Sinkkosen Solveigin laulu. Onko Solveig oman onnensa seppä?
  • Reunanen Karoliina: Biology: Analysis of cell mediated immunity against Francisella tularensis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Tetanustoxoid in human T lymphocytes
  • Ruotsalainen Markku: Economics: The unemployment in Pietarsaari
  • Sallinen Sari: Economics: The effect of deregulation of long-distance call market in the telecommunication area of Oulu
  • Sankilampi Johanna: History: The influence of the Finnish Battle of Independence on Jean Sibelius' music: Russian rule, the First World War and the War of Liberation
  • Sipilä Sampsa: Economics: A model of gross domestic product of the economy of Finland
  • Soininen Miia: Finnish literature: Meidän on uudesta luotava maa! Köyhälistön asema Ilmari Kiannon Punaisessa viivassa
  • Turunen Jani: Geography: Construction of Pajuperä Foredune
  • Ukkola Sanna: Economics: The reflections of Finnish economic recession on demand of luxury watches
  • Vehkala Anna-Kaisa: Geography: A delimitation of the central business district in Imatra, Finland
  • Väänänen Mikko: Chemistry: Formation of the simplest amino acids and organic acids in possible prebiotic conditions
  • Åkerlund Johanna: History: The situation and the treatment of Jewish refugees in Finland 1939-1944


  • Aho Piia: Finnish literature: Psykokriittinen tulkinta Anja Kaurasen Sonja O. kävi täällä -teoksen päähenkilöstä
  • Ahvenjärvi Kaisa: Finnish literature: Katri Valan runokuvien analyysiä
  • Haapalainen Johanna: Economics: Price elasticities of package tours bought in Finland 1990-1995
  • Hoang-Sario Christina: Finnish language: Vietnamilaisopiskelijan näkemyksiä suomen kielen kieliopin vaikeuksista
  • Huikuri Niina: History: What was the nature of the Lotta Svärd organisation and what was its role in the wars of Finland
  • Järvelä Marinella: History: A study of the reasons leading to the fleeing of the Estonians to Finland and serving in the Finnish army during the continuation war;
  • Kantola Johanna: Finnish literature: Saima Harmajan runojen struktuurianalyysi
  • Kaukosalo Sanna: Finnish literature: Myyttipohja Anu Kaipaisen teoksessa Magdaleena ja maailman lapset
  • Kilpelänaho Vesa: Physics: A standing wave on a string: flageolet tones of a guitar and the relationship between the amplitudes of the normal modes of the string and the generated sound waves
  • Leskelä Kristiina: Finnish literature: Risto Rasa - runoilija ja hänen tuotantonsa
  • Liuhanen Sasu: Physics: The Effect of Advance Ratio on the Efficiency of Model Propellers
  • Lämsä Hanna: History: The role of J.W. Snellman in the historical development of Finnish nationalistic thought during the 19th century
  • Mattila Lauri: Physics: The determination of bond length of carbon monoxide using far-infrared Fourier spectroscopy
  • Mikkola Mari: English literature: Gregory Corso's poem Marriage as a model of Beat poetry investigated in regards to linguistic and structural aspects
  • Mikkonen Tanja: History: The relationships between German soldiers and Finnish women during the Continuation War (1941-1944) in the city of Oulu
  • Nevala Päivi: History: An Examination of the History of the Press in Raahe as a reflection of the Political Situation in Finland from 1896 to 1919
  • Oja Outi: Finnish literature: Myyttiset ainekset Timo K. Mukan teoksessa Kyyhky ja unikko
  • Pekki Janne: Economics: The Advantages and Disadvantages of a Small Organisation in the Finnish Computer Market
  • Pierides Georgios: History: Reasons for the religious path of the Iranian revolution of 1979
  • Rauhala Mikko: Economics: The degree of perfect competition in a market utilizing wide-area computer network
  • Savolainen Marko: Art & Design: An Investigation Into The Design Of Today's Consumer Electronics
  • Seppänen Olli: History: Was Julius Caesar a brilliant statesman or a ruthless despot?
  • Utoslahti Tommi: Physics: Measurement of the energies of Auger electrons emitted from gaseous argon using the electron spectrometer
  • Vikeväinen Jaana: Chemistry: Study of the effects of xylitol, sorbitol and sugars on the buffer capacity and pH of saliva


  • Grönlund Ulla: Finnish literature: Kerronnan keinoja Lassi Nummen teoksessa Maisema
  • Hanhela Topi: English literature: Function of a car in Jack Kerouac's novel On The Road
  • Hassi Henri: History: The Third Division defending in Summa from January to February 1940
  • Heinonen Paavo: English literature: The Creation Myth in Ted Hughes' Crow
  • Ipatti Pieta: History: Weapon caching: A sense of security against the USSR in Kainuu area
  • Jauhiainen Salla: History: The leadership in The Battle of Tolvajärvi in The Finnish Winter War
  • Juntunen Mirkka: English literature: Men and Marriage in A Streetcar Named Desire and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof by Tennessee Williams
  • Kettunen Laura: Finnish literature: Rakkaudettomuuden kuvaus Matti Yrjänä Joensuun romaanissa Harjunpää ja rakkauden nälkä
  • Lappalainen Sami: Physics: The effect of winter-time cold on semiconductors
  • Luhtaniemi Mikko: Economics: Saving in Finland 1990-1996
  • Oilinki Anu: Finnish literature: Virpin kehitys A. Idströmin teoksessa Sinitaivas
  • Outakoski Hanna: Finnish literature: Annika Idströmin romaanin Veljeni Sebastian rakenneanalyysi
  • Palokari Pia: English literature: What is the role and meaning of animals in the poetry of Emily Dickinson?
  • Pentikäinen Teija: English literature: Unhappy love in Ernest Hemingway's novels A Farewell to Arms and Whom the Bell Tolls
  • Piattoeva Nelli: History: Analysis of Soviet policies towards Karelian language in the 1920's
  • Pirneskoski Mika: Economics: To which market structure does the floorball stick market in Finland belong and how does it function?
  • Rehu Minna: Finnish literature: Rakkaus-käsitteen analyysiä Johannes Linnankosken teoksessa Laulu tulipunaisesta kukasta
  • Rossi Miia: Finnish literature: Vesi-, kivi- ja puumetaforat Helvi Juvosen runoissa
  • Ruotsalainen Johanna: Biology: A study in zonation of vegetation at Storsand seashore in West Coast Finland
  • Uimari Outi: English literature: 'Lying' in Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray
  • Viittanen Jorma: Economics: How did the recession affect the operations of T:mi Wiitta-Tuote and its development in 1998-1995


  • Harju Juhana: Finnish literature: Hevossymbolin käytöstä ja merkityksestä Eeva-Liisa Mannerin teoksissa Tämä matka, Fahrenheit 121 ja Kuolleet vedet
  • Hiltunen Pekka: History: Evaluation of the Finnish Army's Policy of Bringing the Winter War Casualties to their Home Congregations for Burial
  • Junkkonen Laura: Physics: Physical Approach to Signals Produced in Biological Measurements
  • Kaarlela Antti: Biology: Social status of the willow tit Parus montanus with respect to the great tit Parus major, the blue tit Parus caeruleus, the crested tit Parus cristatus and the coal tit Parus ater. The factors affecting the determination of the rank of a species in the social hierarchy of dominance of the Scandinavian tits
  • Kalamäki Katja: Finnish literature: Runojen osuus Timo K. Mukan teoksessa Maa on syntinen laulu
  • Kilpelänaho Paula: Finnish literature: Isänmaallisuus V.A.Koskenniemen lyriikassa
  • Kiviranta Kimmo: Business and Organisation: Analysing the way a company builds its international image to consumers. A case study of Nokia
  • Knip Maria: Biology: Antibodies to Biochemically Characterised Autoantigens in Family Members of Children with Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
  • Knuutinen Minna: Biology: Influence of Drainage on Virgin Mire Properties as Indicated by Distributional Traits of Invertebrates in the area of Haapavesi, Province of Oulu
  • Korhonen Laura: English literature: Dying women in four short stories by Edgar Allan Poe
  • Kovalainen Heikki: Philosophy: Re-examination of Francis Bacon's Doctrine of Idols. How might Idols be regarded as causes of evil in human nature?
  • Lahti Elina: Finnish literature: Kauneuskäsitys Eeva Heilalan tuotannossa
  • Luiro Kai: Physics: Sunspots and cosmic rays
  • Mannerkorpi Katja: English literature: The poet in Virginia Woolf's Orlando. What attributes of being are present in the character of Orlando?
  • Mikkola Anne: Finnish literature: 'Minä olen voimanainen' Voimanaiseuden luonne Pirjo Hassisen teoksessa Voimanaiset
  • Niskanen Martta: Economics: An analysis of the ways the Tiivi company coped with the depression in Finland in the beginning of 1990's
  • Oksanen Henna: Finnish literature: Rosa Liksomin naiskuvat novellikokoelmissa Yhden yön pysäkki ja Tyhjän tien paratiisit
  • Orava Ari: Geography: Geography of fear in the centre of Oulu
  • Pietilä Eeva: Chemistry: A study of the properties of sulfur in view of its future utilization
  • Pulkkinen Niina: English language: The role of language transfer in second language acquisition.
  • Ruokangas Riikka: Biology: A study of the relation between the structure of the brain and the activities of the animals in different taxonomic groups of vertebrate animals
  • Sahakari Timo: Economics: Should Finland join the European Monetary Union?
  • Seppänen Erkki: History: A study of the immediate impacts of the Crimean war on Oulu in 1854-1864
  • Siik Johanna: Finnish literature: Myyttinen uskonmatka A.W.Yrjänän runoudessa
  • Snellman Juho: Mathematics: Optimizing the sieve of Eratosthenes
  • Säntti Mikko: Finnish literature: Hannu Salaman miljöökuvaus teoksissa Se tavallinen tarina, Minä, Olli ja Orvokki ja Siinä näkijä missä tekijä
  • Törmänen Jussi: Economics: Theoretical and statistical analysis of the reasons for the depression in Finland in 1990's
  • Vimpari Anna-Mari: History: An Evaluation of Vennamo's Role in the Rise of the SMP in the Parliament Elections of 1970


  • Brotherus, Anna-Riitta: Chemistry: A quantitative and qualitative analysis on casein in bovine milk in relation to its conformational, structural and chemical properties
  • Glebova, Ksenia: Peace and conflict studies: Who is a Jew? The post-1989 debate over the question of Jewish identity between secular and religious Israeli Jews.
  • Haapalahti, Heidi: Finnish literature: "On Ruijanmeren rannalla kylläpitkää talvista iltaa ja yötä taajoa". Luonnonkuvaus ja kuinka se tukee tarinan myyttistä juonenkehitystä Samuli Paulaharjun novellikokoelmassa Tunturien yöpuolta.
  • Holmström, Anna: Visual Arts: An analysis of western influence on Papua New Guinea art.
  • Häikiö, Kaisa: Biology: Investigation on the behaviour of Lumbricus rubellus in different external conditions.
  • Härkönen, Kaisa-Maria: English literature: The theme of motherhood in the poetry of Sylvia Plath
  • Kesti, Heidi: Biology: Linkage and mapping of the genes using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster
  • Khalid, Maryam: Chemistry: A comparison of aspirin and its parent compound
  • Kisko, Kaisa: Finnish literature: Kerrontatekniset keinot Tiina Kailan romaanissa Valaistu Manner
  • Kivioja, Katri: History: Home, religion, fatherland: The spirit of white Finland in Hilja Riipinen and the Lotta Svärd
  • Kylli, Jan-Peter: Economics: Critical analysis of the IMF support package to South Korea in 1997.
  • Malo, Pekka: Biology: Succession of sea-shore vegetation on gravelly and boulder shores in the land uplift area of the northernmost Gulf of Bothnia, Finland
  • Marttila, Pia: Swedish language: Att bli tvåspråkig - hur det lyckas av en elev med en helt finsk bakgrund
  • Matinaho, Sari: Finnish literature: "Aalo, jolla oli yhtaikaa kyhkyläisen ja myös suden sielu" - Sivuhenkilöiden suhtautuminen päähenkilö Aaloon Aino Kallaksen teoksessa Sudenmorsian.
  • Nurmela, Laura: Finnish literature: Anja Kaurasen romaanin Sonja O. Kävi täällä vastaanotto
  • Palomaa, Heikki: English literature: Surrender in Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five.
  • Rimpinen, Tiina: Chemistry: The isolation of an optically active natural product called usnic acid and the apply of lichens in drug industry.
  • Ristola, Henna: Biology: A relationship between a mother and a calf reindeer compared with their hear rates in specific occasions.
  • Sallamo, Lauri: Music: A critical analysis of the guitar sound of Jimi Hendrix and its production in Electric ladyland.
  • Salo-oja, Mari: English literature: A comparison of the reasons for the alienation of the central characters in Forster's Maurice and Isherwood's A Single Man.
  • Sandbacka, Kasimir: History: The success and the failure of Governor Savander as the russifier of the city of Oulu in 1903-1905.
  • Tarvainen, Anu: English language: The teaching of English in Finland - a look into high school textbooks.
  • Tauriainen, Sanna-Kaisa: Swedish language: Tilltals- och hälsningsfraser i Zachris Topelius brev.
  • Tolonen, Anna-Riikka: Swedish language: Anglicismer i idrottsspråk
  • Tulkki, Maarit: Swedish language: Det språkliga samarbetet mellan gränskommunerna Torneå och Haparanda
  • Törmänen, Antti-Pekka: Mathematics: Combinatorial investigations on the partitions of a finite set of objects into subsets.


  • Ali Dahir: Economics: Critical Analyses of the Structural Adjustment Programmes in Zambia
  • Aunola Aki: Economics: Was the division of Miilukangas ky in 1998 a wise decision?
  • Halunen Kimmo: English literature: When Love and Death Embrace: An analysis on love and death and the relationship of these in a selection of Edgar Allan Poe's poems
  • Huikari Tiia: Finnish literature: Paavali Lempeliuken henkilökuva Aino Kallaksen teoksessa Reigin pappi
  • Karjalainen Taru: Finnish literature: Väkivallan käsittelystä Eeva-Liisa Mannerin teoksessa Varokaa voittajat
  • Karttunen Saana: Mathematics: Investigation on the coefficients of a trinomial expansion
  • Kivijärvi Marjo: Latin: How do 'Carpe Diem' - and 'Aurea mediocritas' -themes express Horace's epicurean philosophy
  • Koponen Laura: Psychology: The role of childhood attachment types in adult relationships
  • Krintilä Hanna: Biology: Cell proliferation in normal and psoriatic epidermis
  • Laurila Katja-Maria: Biology: The significance of different risk factors in predicting cardiovascular diseases in Finnish reindeer herders
  • Luoma Heikki: Economics: An economic analysis of the factors which determine the changes in gasoline prices in Finland in the 1990s
  • Mattila Jaakko: Chemistry: Qualitative and Quantitative water quality analysis of natural waters in Norhern Finland
  • Mikkola Anna: Latin: The revolutionary characteristics of Catullus' poetry - why is Catullus a poeta novus?
  • Moilanen Sanna: Economics: How did an advertising campaign affect the sales and profits ofAnttila? An economic analysis of a Plussa -advertising campaign
  • Myllylä Hanna: Finnish literature: Naistyypit Maria Jotunin novellikokoelmassa Kun on tunteet. Konflikti yhteiskunnan naiskuvan ja naisen tavoitteiden välillä
  • Oivo Mirjami: English literature: Investigation of the influence of Otto Plath on the works of Sylvia Plath, traced through her poetry from 1958 to 1962
  • Pääkkö Anneli: Finnish literature: Päähenkilö Kaisun kuvaus Sisko Istanmäen romaanissa Liian paksu perhoseksi
  • Rehumäki Paula: Finnish literature: Kahden todellisuuden rajalla -teeman tutkimusta eräissä Katri Valan Maan laiturilla -kokoelman runoissa
  • Risteli Hanna: Finnish literature: "Kuolema on tila ihmisten välillä" Metaforan tutkimusta Juhani Koskisen Äijä-kokoelmassa
  • Ronkainen Aija: Art: Concealed Meanings. Flowers and fruit as symbols in Christian paintings of the Renaissance
  • Ruonala Jakko: Chemistry: Comparing environmental-friendly lubricants and mineral oils
  • Ruskoaho Hanna-Ilona: Finnish literature: Vierauden teema eräissä Otto Mannisen runoissa
  • Saarela Konsta: Economics: A qualitative evaluation on the economic impact of population growth in Oulu
  • Siurua Sanni: English literature: The theme of love in Toni Morrison's Sula
  • Strand Jukka-Pekka: Economics: EMU Breakdown? - Consequences for the Finnish Economy
  • Tikkanen Anna-Liisa: Finnish literature: Minna Canthin Salakarin vastaanotto. Odotushorisontit ja lukumallit Salakarin reseptiossa
  • Tokola Teemu: Computer science: The difference between two different teaching methods in word recognition by computers
  • Vuorivirta Outi: Finnish literature: Kaupunki sosiaalisena yhteisönä Mika Waltarin romaanissa Surun ja ilon kaupunki


  • Alaoja, Hanna: English literature: Emily Dickinson’s dread of nature reflected in 11 of her poems
  • Ervasti, Mikko: Psychology: Application of music therapy in treatment of eating disorders
  • Heikkinen, Vili: History: The history of United States in Sakari Ainali’s correspondence
  • Huttunen, Tuomo: Economics: The reason and effects of the fluctuations of the Euro currency against the U.S. dollar from 1st January 1999 to 7th November 2000
  • Kaleva, Jari-Pekka: Economics: An evaluation of the actions of the government of Finland during the boom of 1980´s and at the beginning of the 1990´s depression from a Keynesian point of view
  • Kauppila, Hannu: History: The enquiry on the fall of the Borgias: An analysis of Niccolo Machiavelli’s misrepresentation of the reign and fall of Alexander VI and Cesare Borgia in Discorsi and Il Principe.
  • Knuutinen, Eini: History: The nature and conditions of the prison camps of Finland (1918) with an emphasis on the prison camp in Oulu
  • Konola Sanna: Psychology: Two paths to our unconsciousness – will they take us to our dreams? Examining the function of dreaming through two different theories, by Freud and Foulkes
  • Korpela, Hanna: Economics: Solving the foreign debt effects on economic development in Kenya in terms of health care and education
  • Kukkonen, Terhi: Visual arts: Italian renaissance and French impressionism
  • Leppälä, Piia: Biology: The effect of nutrients and fertilisers on the fruit of different plants in the greenhouse
  • Paes, Mariana: History: An examination into the reasons why African slavery was introduced to Brazil
  • Parhi, Katariina: Finnish literature: Symboliset ainekset Timo K. Mukan romaanissa Tabu
  • Mäkäräinen, Meeri: Mathematics: Pythagorean numbers and their orders
  • Palokangas, Tanja: Economics:
  • Rosenqvist, Tiina: Psychology: Family and schizophrenia: How does the communication deviance of parents or distorted family relationships precipitate schizophrenia in genetically predisposed children?
  • Ruuska, Hanna-Leena: Finnish literature: ”Minua on monta” – Kertojan jakautunut minuus Anja Kaurasen teoksessa Ihon aika sekä Pirkko Saision teoksessa Pienin yhteinen jaettava.
  • Ryabkov, Roman: Economics: The impact of economic reforms on living standards in Russia
  • Saapunki, Jonna: Swedish literature: Olika sätt Tove Jansson använder för att göra texten levande i boken Trollvinter
  • Salo, Olli: Physics: Measuring the surface temperature of the Sun from its spectral energy distribution
  • Seppinen, Lotta: Chemistry: The effect of athletic drinks on pH and buffer capacity of saliva
  • Talsta, Ismo: Physics: The effect of moisture and wind on the heat flow through a sock
  • Taurio, Paul: Economics: The role of money illusion in an adjustment to a demand and a supply side shock
  • Tiensyrjä, Juha: Computer science: The efficiency of TCP/IP-routed small local area networks versus non-routed small local are networks
  • Valkama, Ville-Veikko: Finnish literature : Suomalaisen miehen luonne kuvattuna Väinö Linnan romaanissa Tuntematon sotilas sekä Zachris Topeliuksen novellissa Matti.
  • Viertola, Antti: Economics: Implications of unemployment benefits on structural unemployment
  • Weisell, Inka: Visual Arts: The portrayal of power and authority in Neil Gaiman’s Sandman


  • Aherto, Suvi: Economics: Analysis of liquidity trap in Japan and possibility of one in Finland
  • Ekorre, Saija: Finnish A1: Idealistiset henkilöt Väinö Linnan teoksessa “Täällä Pohjantähden alla”
  • Eronen, Kaisa-Maria: Finnish A1: Runot Elina Karjalaisen yhdeksässä ensimmäisessä Uppo-Nalle -kirjassa
  • Forsén, Jenni: History: The incorporation of the town of Saloinen to the city of Raahe in the beginning of 1970’s
  • Grekula, Hanna: History: Developing Alavieska in 1800’s – becoming an independent community
  • Haapakoski, Hanna: History: An examination of the ways in which racial discrimination excluded the Sami people from the Finnish nation in the 19th century Finland.
  • Hattukangas, Satu: English B : Sheepfarmer’s daughter as a soldier and hero? The characterization of Paksenarrion Dorthansdotter of Three Firs in Elizabeth Moon’s novel Sheepfarmer’s Daughter
  • Hyvärinen, Jaana: Finnish A1 : Äidin ja tyttären suhteen kuvaus ja merkitys Anna-Leena Härkösen teoksessa Avoimien ovien päivä
  • Juvonen, Katariina: Biology : Male dogs’ responses to urine from females in heat. A comparison between castrated and intact male dogs.
  • Koponen, Niina: History : The development of Oulu’s hospital system between the years 1939 and 1972.
  • Kuvaja, Paula: Mathematics HL: Analysis on a directed tree-graph of the inverse progression of the 3x+1 problem of positive integers.
  • Kähkönen, Reetta: Finnish A1 : Elämää tuskan ja onnellisuuden rajamailla. Elämänmyönteisyys angstisuuden vastavoimana Uuno Kailaan lyriikassa
  • Lahti, Anniina: Finnish A1 : Huumorin keinot ja merkitys Ilpo Tiihosen lyyrikassa
  • Meskus, Jenni: History : The causes and effects of British rule on the society, economy and politics of Zanzibar between 1890 and 1910
  • Mirfakhraei, Soufi: Chemistry : An investigation into surface tension on life of soap bubbles.
  • Ronkainen, Leena: Finnish A1 : Juha Seppälän Super Market –teoksen (1991) vastaanotto kirjallisuuskriitikoiden keskuudessa
  • Ronkainen, Pyry: Geography : The central business district, the city and the functional urban region – case the City of Oulu.
  • Ruskoaho, Juho: Economics : A critical evaluation of alternative actions governments could perform to reduce pollution caused by cars thus producing more utility for the environment.
  • Seppänen, Anne: Economics : An investigation on the advantages and disadvantages of centrally planned economy in Vietnam’s economic growth and development during and after the doi moi period.
  • Tammela, Juha-Matti: Finnish A1 : Rosa Liksomin tuotannosta
  • Tervahauta, Suvi: Finnish A1 : Balladin piirteet Timo K. Mukan teoksessa Kyyhky ja unikko
  • Turkka, Saara: History : The Korpela movement as a reflection of the social situation in Northern Sweden during the 1930’s.


  • Ainesmaa, Maiju: Geography : Why has the population of Oulu experienced a growth between 1945 and 2000?
  • Asikainen, Jonna: Biology : The effect of preliminary seed germination on the results of growing common sunflower (Helianthus annuus). A comparison between flowers planted with and without preliminary seed germination
  • Haapa, Henna: Finnish (Group 1) : Auktoriteettien, itsekkyyden ja toiveiden vaikutus henkilöiden käyttäytymiseen ja päätöksiin Mika Waltarin romaanissa “Suuri illuusioni”.
  • Harjapää, Matti: Mathematics : Relations between the Fibonacci numbers, the Lucas numbers, the golden ratio and Pascal’s triangle
  • Helve, Laura: Chemistry : A study of differences between original, baking and omega eggs
  • Hietala, Paula: History : The involvement of the city of Oulu in the Finnish wars
  • Honkanen, Meeri: Biology : The inhibitory allelopathic effects of Calluna vulgaris extracts on seed germination and radicle elongation
  • Kaisto, Heta: English literature (Group 2) : Time and space as ways to express existential irony in Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot
  • Keränen, Ville: Mathematics : An n-dimensional extension of Pythagorean Theorem
  • Ketonen, Maria: English literature (Group 2) : “Living in the Interregnum” Social responsibility and identity crisis of Rosa and Hillela in the transforming society of South Africa in Nadine Gordimers’s novels Burger’s Daughter and A Sport of Nature
  • Kuopanportti, Pekko: Mathematics : On the sums of natural number powers of positive integers
  • Laaksamo, Elisa: Biology : The effects of acidified water on the growth and the appearance of barley and oat
  • Mattila, Henna: Finnish (Group 1) : “Liksom nuorten luettavana”. Reseptiotutkimuksen teoriaan, Rosa Liksomin novelleihin ja nuorten lukijoiden vastaanottoon pohjautuva tutkimus
  • Mattila, Taneli: Finnish (Group 1) : Syksyn lapsi. Kvantitatiivis-biografinen tutkielma vuodenajoista Eino Leinon runoudessa
  • Niskanen, Emma: Biology : The study of the environmental effects on the growth of some moulds
  • Paavola, Inka: Finnish (Group1) : Lumi talvehtii kesät meissä. Ihmiskuvia ja pohjoisia ajatuksia Pekka Kejosen runoteoksessa “Talvipäivänseisaus”
  • Perälä, Kaisa: Finnish (Group 1) : Päähenkilö Julian luonnekuva ja sen merkitys Kira Poutasen romaanissa “Ihana Meri”
  • Saarinen, Hanna: Philosophy : The modern language of morality and ethics
  • Salmela. Tiia: Finnish (Group 1) : Millaisen kuvan rikollisuudesta Arto Paasilinna antaa romaanissaan “Hirtettyjen kettujen metsä”?
  • Salo, Maria: English literature (Group 2) : Edgar Allan Poe as an early science fiction author
  • Selmgren, Hanna: Economics: Fair trade and the attitudes of Finnish consumers towards fair trade
  • Tarvainen, Jussi: English literature (Group 2) : Healthy body, confined mind. An examination of the reasons for,and methods and consequences of mind control in Aldous Huxley’s “BraveNew World” and Anthony Burgess’ “A Clockwork Orange”
  • Toivio, Seppo: Finnish (Group 1) : “Käy, kuten käydä pitää”. Kuolema-teeman pohdiskelua Juha Seppälän romaanissa “Hyppynaru”
  • Tokhtiyev, Abdul-Rakhman: Biology : Effects of food and water quality on growth and reproduction of freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis in laboratory conditions
  • Tokhtiyev, Mukhamed: Chemistry : A spectrophotometric determination of the thickness of copper layer on a new five cent euro coin
  • Veijola, Saara: Biology : Optimising the conditions of the Polymerase Chain Reaction taking place in the human insulin gene region
  • Välikangas, Anita: Finnish (Group 1) : Kun rikoksesta tulee rangaistus. F. M. Dostojevskin ja jälkimodernin yhteiskunnan vaikutteet ihmiskuvaan Asko Sahlbergin romaanissa Eksyneet.


  • Ainesmaa, Janne: Psychology : How is the shadow of the human psyche apparent in Finnish males and what are the effects of it on them?: An research analyzed through the theories of Carl G. Jung.
  • Alexeev, Anton: Physics : Airborne radar systems.
  • Haapakoski, Arja: History : The question of East Karelia: reasons for the failure of East Karelian annexation to Finland.
  • Hautamäki, Emilia: Music : Analysis of the emotional atmosphere in the water thematic of the song Liquid Diamonds on Tori Amos’ album From the Choirgirl Hotel.
  • Härönoja, Jenny: History : The role of religion within the Lapua Movement in 1929-1932.
  • Kangas, Elina: Biology : The effect of the wavelength of light on plant growth and development in Tagetes patula nana.
  • Kotiaho, Henri: Physics : Investigation of conventional laws of friction.
  • Laitala, Olli: Physics: Analysis of power loss in changing AC current to DC current using diodes and capacitors.
  • Määttä, Henna: Chemistry : A study of the effects of temperature and pH on the rate of fermentation of milk to yogurth, and fresh cabbage to sauerkraut
  • Neubauer, Robert: Biology: Continuous monitoring of microbial growth of Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in shaking incubators
  • Piippo, Ari-Matti: English Literature (Group 2) : H.P. Lovecraft and Clark Ashton Smith: a comparison of style when writing about lost vision and broken dreams
  • Piippo, Niina: Finnish (Group 1) : Melankolia Raija Siekkisen novellikokoelmassa “Elämän keskipiste”. Motiivit keskeistä melankoliaa korostamassa.
  • Ruuska, Marja: English Litterature (Group2) : How is internal conflict presented in Elizabeth Bishop’s first collection of poetry?
  • Seppinen, Elisa: Biology : Peat vs. sandy soil. Their different capability to retain water and its effect to the growth rate of wheat (Triticum aestivum).
  • Seppälä. Kati: Economics : To what extent were the measures taken by the Singapore government effective in helping the country recover from the unemployment caused by the 1997 monetary crisis?
  • Seppälä, Sanna: Physics : To what extent is the beating of flageolet notes of a guitar useful in careful tuning of the guitar?
  • Seppänen, Heidi: Psychology : Examining sexuality in the first volume of Miura Kenturo’s Bersek using psychoanalytic approach.
  • Simula, Juhana: Finnish (Group 1) : “Mies miehelle”. Mikael Niemen Populäärimusiikkia Vittulanjänkältä -teoksen ihannemiesmalli ja kansallisen identiteetin selkeän puuttumisen vaikutus tähän malliin
  • Turunen, Joonas: Physics : The efficiency of a steam engine
  • Ûneri, Melisa: Theatre Arts : “Not theatre but a crossword puzzle,” What are the difficulties encountered in directing Harold Pinter’s “The Birthday Party”?
  • Weissenfelt, Annica: Visual Arts : To what extent has Wassily Kandinsky’s teaching in aesthetic theory and analytical drawing at the Bauhaus influenced the development of abstraction?
  • Yan, Weixu: Mathematics : Investigating arrangements that would give the minimal circumference relative to the area formed of equal circles by using an index.


  • Hietala Timo: English B : War on Iraq, Mystery and Paradox
  • Kemppainen Mirjami: Biology: Defecating behaviour of a horse (Equus caballus) in a box stall.Comparison between stallions, geldings and mares
  • Khanji Louai: Computer Science : Measuring the Difference in Triangle, Trapezoid, Line, and Font Drawing.Throughput between the X Window System Core Graphics Model and the X Rendering Extension Graphics Model
  • Kouri Paula: English B : Description of addiction: a comparison of Irvine Welsh’s Trainspotting and Hubert Selby Junior’s Requiem for a dream. How do the authors create the addict’s world and what can these representations of addiction tell us about the reality of the addict’s life?
  • Luukkonen Anu-Helmi: Finnish A1: Kehitysvammaisuuden representaatio Asko Sahlbergin romaanissa Hämärän jäljet sekä Jari Tervon romaanissa Tuulikaappimaa.
  • Mäkinen Anna: Chemistry : An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Biodiesel Properties in Relation to the Fatty Acid Compositions of the New Vegetable Oils Used in Preparing These Biodiesels
  • Nisula Ilari: Chemistry: Quantitative analysis of iron in cereals
  • Nurmela Henna: Finnish A1 : Suomalaiset Juha Itkosen romaanissa Myöhempien aikojen pyhiä
  • Paloniemi Joni: Economics : The Past, present and future of the Finnish HEX All-Share index
  • Perälä Kaisa: English B : “The child narrator as a voice of social concern”.The use of child narrator to deal with the social concern of Afro-Americans in Toni Morrison’s “The Bluest Eye” and Alice Walker’s “The Color Purple”.
  • Portaankorva Katja: Finnish A1 : Missä suhteessa Väinö Linnan Sotaromaanissa sekoittuvat fakta ja fiktio?
  • Priuska Tiia: History : Reasons and motives for emigration from the province of Ostrobothnia, Finland
  • Päivärinta Taina: English B: Feminism and Fairytales: why do feminist writers want to re-write old tales and how do they alter the structure to get their message across?
  • Reinikka Jonna: History: The effect of finlandization on the domestic issues of Finland in the 1970
  • Romppainen Niina: Chemistry : The Study of Different Methods of Producing Hydrogen Gas in a School Laboratory
  • Suomalainen Kaisa-Maria: History : To what extent was the Finnish Secondary School effective in promoting social and educational equality in the 1960s?Analysing the developments on a national scale and in the Finnish Lyceum for girls in Oulu.
  • Tapio Pauli: English B: Political Pop Songs: An Analysis of Three Classics.What makes an effective political pop song?


  • Baublyte Daiva: Business and Management:Why has the number of students applying to study in International Baccalaureate program at Oulu Lyseo, Finland declined?
  • Haapaniemi Jonna: English B:“Pride and Prejudice” and “Bridget Jones’ Diary”: Why has our pictureof a lady changed so much while our picture of a gentleman has stayedthe same?
  • Haarala Noora: Finnish A1:Menetyksen symboliikka Riitta Jalosen teoksessa “Tyttö ja naakkapuu”.
  • Helve Merja: Biology:A study of the effects of differing pH levels on the growth and appearance of radish Raphanus sativus radicula.
  • Hyrkäs Nina: Finnish A1:Arno Kontron Sanovat sitä rakkaudeksi –teoksen mieskuva tarkasteltuna perinteisen ja modernin miesmallin pohjalta
  • Häkkinen Hanna: Philosophy:Experience, understanding and reason: instruments of our knowledge. Therelationship between these instruments based on Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason
  • Hänninen Sini: Biology:Effects of food quality and external conditions on growth of mealworm Tenebrio molitor
  • Junttila Anna Stiina: English B:The Cinderella syndrome based on Cinderella fairytales
  • Juotasniemi Minna: History:The Rovaniemi Market. What factors allowed Rovaniemi to become the center of the market?
  • Korhonen Mia: Psychology:Televised media of the modern culture in causing depression –a cognitive, cultural view
  • Koskela Maria: Business and Management:Should Aila Koskela hire an extra worker in her company job control and therapy services by Aila Koskela
  • Käsmä Marjukka: History:How did the Karelians moving in and the border between Finland andRussia closing affect the living conditions in Kuusamo in 1919-1922?
  • Lax Maria: English B: In the name of freedom – an analysis of George W. Bush’s speeches on the war against terrorism
  • Luttu Anni-Mari: Geography:Research of the quality of services in Kasarmi area, Oulu, Finland and satisfaction of the people living in the area
  • Mukami Serah: History:Land issue as a cause of tribal clash in 1991 Rift valley province, Kenya
  • Määttä Laura: English B:The relative morality in Toni Morrison’s Sula as seen through sexual intercourse, friendship and contingencies of love
  • Ojanperä Riikka: Finnish A1:Arto Paasilinnan Hirnuva maailmanloppu. Hevosen merkitys teoksessa
  • Paloniemi Riikka: English B:Differences and similarities in short stories by Edgar Allan Poe and Stephen King
  • Pitkäjärvi Aleksi: English A1:Non-conformity or post-traumatic stress disorder? What is the underlying cause of Holden Caulfied’s psychological problems?
  • Riihimäki Heidi: Business and Management:What can “dna Laajakaista” do to increase their market share?
  • Roman Pekko: Mathematics:On the history of the Riemann hypothesis and its significance in the distribution of prime numbers
  • Ruotsalainen Nikolas: Physics:Studies on the sound of objects in motion through the Doppler effect
  • Rusila Mari: English B:The motifs of time travelling in H.G. Wells’ “The Time Machine” and in Audrey Niffenegger’s “The Time Traveler’s Wife”
  • Saarinen Lasse: Geography: A geographical investigation of the predicted future of Kemi that has been made
  • Taanila Jaakko: History:Emigration from Finland to Sweden. Root causes, motives and phasesof the emigration from Finland’s northern and eastern agriculturalregions to Sweden from the late 1960’s to early 1970’s.
  • Tulyakova Elena: Chemistry:Study of indicator properties of Finnish berries
  • Utoslahti Säde-Tuulia: History:History text books in the formation of the Finnish national identity.To what extent the history text books used to promote patriotism in theFinnish education in the 1920s?
  • Vanhanen Laura: Finnish A1:“Ruusu on kaunis jo itsessään, ei siksi että se kuvaa tai symboloijotain”. Venäläisen runoilijan Anna Ahmatovan vaikutus Anni Sinnemäenrunokokoelman Sokeana Hetkenä runoihin
  • Väisänen Tiina: English A1:Parental control in Jeanette Winterson’s Oranges are not the only fruit and Iain Banks’ The wasp factory


  • Belt, Tiina: Biology: The effects of salt and caffeine on urination frequency and volume
  • del Carpio Laura: English A1: An examination of the role of flowers in Margaret Atwood’s “The Handmaids’s Tale”
  • Fors Pauliina: English B: The development and description of Fool’s character in the Farseer and Tawny Man Trilogies by Robin Hobb
  • Haverinen, Eero: Business and Management: What products and services should be provided in Pharmacy of Tyrnävä to increase profitability?
  • Helanen, Heidi: Finnish A1: Päähenkilön persoonallisuuden ja identiteetin kehitys psykoanalyyttisesta näkökulmasta Annika Idströmin romaanissa Veljeni Sebastian
  • Hirvonen, Salomo: History: How and why did the two groups of Communist Party of Finland react to the Prague Spring and the following intervention in 1968?
  • Jaurakkajärvi, Eveliina: Biology: Effects of organic fertiliser and organic lime on the growth, size and yield of carrot Daucus carota ssp. sativus in sandy peat soil
  • Kiseliovas, Gvidas: Physics: Relationship of spoiler created drag and downforce at altering angels
  • Kotiaho, Antti: Finnish A1: Siirtolaisuuden kuvaamisen todenmukaisuus Antti Tuurin Uusi Jerusalem –teoksessa
  • Lahtinen, Soile: Finnish A1: Naisten rooli yhteisössä Minna Canthin näytelmässä ”Työmiehen vaimo” ja romaanissa ”Hanna”
  • Lau, Ka Ki: History: Finland’s refugee policy. An examination of the Finnish refugee policy 1973-1988
  • Marjomaa, Noora: Visual Arts: Two times, two cultures, two photographers. Sabah Naim and Walker Evans
  • Marttila, Eemeli: Biology: The effects of short term sleep deprivation on a person’s reaction time
  • Mikkotervo, Veera: English A1: The study of communal and familial isolation and support in Alice Hoffman’s novel ”At Risk”
  • Mäkelä, Anni: History: What were the goals and motives for the political activism of a member in the 1970’s SDNL?
  • Narraway James: Physics: Can a computer be used to generate electricity?
  • Näppä, Anna: Finnish A1: Kuolema lastenkirjallisuudessa
  • Oksanen, Jenni: Biology: How bait affects on the catch of fish on cloudy and sunny weather on the afternoon and in the evening.
  • Peedo, Annika: History: Finnish migration to Mount Isa in the 1960’s
  • Pesonen, Sanna: English B: How E.M. Forster in his novel “A Passage to India” presents the idea of friendship between two races?
  • Piiroinen, Elina: Biology: How do humidity, temperature and illuminance affect on the height, the number of the leaves, the colour of the leaves, the flowering and inflorescence of Calendula officinalis Kablouna?
  • Puumalainen, Sinikka: History: US or UK – where did punk originate?
  • Rantala, Aino: English B: ”What I do I do because I like to do.” To what extent can the behaviour of the main character of a Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess be interpreted through moral individualism
  • Ranto, Tiina: Finnish A1: ”Pyhä Lauri auttakoon”. Kristinusko päähenkilöiden elämässä Kaari Utrion teoksessa Viipurin kaunotar.
  • Runtti, Sanna: Finnish A1: Huumorin ja komiikan keinot Juha Peltosen teoksessa ”Elmo”
  • Rytilahti, Marjo: Biology: How do different kinds of fertilizers affect the height and the amount of leaves of the Calendula officinalis fl. p. Ball’s Orange?
  • Sippala, Emilia: Finnish A1: Seksuaalinen hyväksikäyttö Helmi Vilppolan romaanissa Piilossa
  • Sorvari, Anne: Biology: Does caffeine affect the reaction times in humans?
  • Tohmo, Marja: Finnish A1: Nuoruuden kuvaus Taru Väyrysen teoksissa Kissan kuolema (1990) ja Pilven varjo (1989)
  • Tolonen, Jussi-Pekka: Music: Investigation of the roles of the musical elements (rhythm, melody, texture, tone colour and harmony) in creating and supporting the theme of the third album of Muse, Absolution
  • Törrö, Hanna: Finnish A1: Äidin ja tyttären välinen suhde Anna-Leena Härkösen romaneissa Avoimien ovien päivä (1998) ja Juhannusvieras (2006)
  • Valtonen, Ville: English B: Mara’s coming of age in RAymond E. Feist’s and Janny Wurts’ novel “Daughter of the Empire”
  • Vanhanen Saara: English B: Lauryn Hill: How does a confessional neo-soul hip hop artist use religious linguistic structures to create and convey a strong spiritual message?
  • Yang, Yuchen: Physics: Thermal insulation due to the phenomenon of film boiling


  • Ainesmaa Samu: Finnish A1: The War of the Ring: A Holy War?
  • Alsins Arturs: Mathematics: Mathematical inductions: use of mathematical induction in different areas of mathematics
  • Graudins Sandis: English B: As a one part of culture – football
  • Hakalahti Minna: Chemistry: Comparison of the immediate effects of calcium carbonate, phosphate fertiliser and a combination of calcium carbonate and phosphate fertiliser on the pH of acidic lake water
  • Heikkinen Karoliina: Finnish A1: Seksuaalisuus Anna-Leena Härkösen teoksissa Häräntappoase, Avoimien ovien päivä ja Akvaariorakkautta.
  • Hietala Mira: Finnish A1: “Minä olen jumala, ikuinen kiusasi”. Jumalan kuva Kotiteollisuuden lyriikoissa
  • Hulkko Ville: Business and Management: Is there a difference in customer service satisfaction between Major- and Minor post offices of Oulu in the aspects of both service- and information providing?
  • Huotari Outi: English B: How Does Mike Skinner Represent the British Underclass Youth?
  • Jaakola Aino: Music: Different ways of interpreting music
  • Juotasniemi Antti: Music: Has Nicolo Paganini’s ”Caprice 24” influenced or inspired Cacophony’s ”Speed Metal Symphony”?
  • Kanniainen Topi: Finnish A1: Poliittisuus Ultra Bran lyriikoissa
  • Keränen Oskari: Physics: The effect on tip vortex when decreasing the number of wind barriers
  • Kiviluoma Mikko: Mathematics: How to solve the shortest network on a plane?
  • Kolehmainen Tiina: Psychology: Television and children: How does television affect the development of children’s gender identity and gender stereotypes?
  • Korhonen Jenni: English B: Why is Harry Potter so significant? 17 years of the author’s life, why it happened and where it took her.
  • Korkala Essi: Biology: The Biodiversity of Finnish Pine Forest at Different Stages of Succession
  • Kortelainen Joonas: Chemistry: Study of the effect of hypothermia and fever on the buffer capacity of bovine blood
  • Kyllönen Emmi: English B: Religious symbolism in Philip Pullman’s tirlogy His Dark Materials
  • Lahdenperä Karoliina: Psychology: Methodological limitations and challenges in infant studies
  • Livingstone Alex: English A1: Jerry Jenkins & C.S. Lewis and the seduction of children
  • Mustonen Irene: Business and Management: Has the takeover by L’Oreal affected consumer attitude towards The Body Shop?
  • Myllykangas, Netta-Ida: Finnish A1: Uskonto suomalaisessa kirjallisuudessa: suomalaisten romaanien henkilöiden uskontokäsityksistä
  • Niskanen Eevi: Finnish A1: Kuinka sota vaikuttaa lasten kehitykseen teoksissa Pojat ja Marsipaanisotilas?
  • Nuotio Ulpukka: Biology: Human evolution: What evidence does the anatomical structure of a common whitefish Coregonus lavaretus give for the evolution of the modern human Homo sapiens?
  • Ojanperä Laura: Chemistry: Investigation of the variation in the amount of oxalic acid in the stem and leaves of rhubarb during the growing season
  • Ollikainen Matti: Finnish A1: Rakkaus Ismo Alangon lyriikoissa
  • Olsén Maiju: Psychology: The persuasive tools used in advertisements: the use of them and a review of theories
  • Pasanen Ilkka: Business and Management: Internal communications in Sasken Finland Ltd: How well does the internal communications network of Sasken Finland work in transmitting information vertically and horizontally within the company?
  • Pietilä Alexander: Chemistry: A comparative study of the effects of three different antacids
  • Saaranen Eija: English B: How was Black identity evolved during the Harlem Renaissance and how is that shown in Nella Larsen’s novel Passing?
  • Saastamoinen Jesperi: Finnish A1: Vanhenevan miehen kuvaus teoksissa Aitta ja Vanhus ja meri.
  • Saloranta Juuso: Physics: The Relationship Between the Draw Length and the Efficiency of a Bow
  • Saukkonen Maria: Finnish A1: Vertausten funktio Umayya Abu-Hannan romaanissa “Nurinkurin”
  • Seppälä Maiju: Physics: How does the density of stone wool affect its ability to prevent the flow of heat?
  • Solomon Henok: English A1: Analysing Tupac poems & lyrics
  • Somani Juhi: Mathematics: The relations between T-numbers, trinomial coefficients and Pascal’s triangle; and the similarities between Pascal’s triangle and Pascal’s pyramid
  • Sorvari Leena: Biology: The Growth of Barley in Different Soil Types During the first Month
  • Tiittanen Eero: Psychology: Are there gender differences in problem solving?
  • Usoskina Evguenia: Mathematics: Creation of a simple gambling game
  • Vaarala Noora: Finnish A1: 1970-luvun suomalaisen vasemmistoliikkeen osapuolijako Laura Honkasalon romaanissa Sinun lapsesi eivät ole sinun
  • Wickström Siiri: Chemistry: Activation energy in baking of muffins


  • Ala-Siuru Elisa: Psychology: Gender differences in stress coping strategies. Are there differences in stress coping strategies between men and women?
  • Azam Shadi: Biology: The study of the gender differences in muscle fatigue and recovery time. How much do muscle fatigue and recovery time occur in females and males during the isometric exercise?
  • Baublyte Giedre: English A1: Escape in Kahled Hosseini’s and Sonya Hartnett’s works. Treatment of theme of escape in Khaled Hosseini’s “Thousand Splendid Suns” and Sonya Hartnett’s “Thursday’s Child”
  • Beliaeva Margarita: Finnish A1: Yksinäisyyden kuvaus Jari Ehrnroothin teoksessa Deserton pyörre ja Haruki Murakamin teoksessa Sputnik-rakastettuni.
  • Blankenstein Harri: Business and Management: How can Prisma improve employee happiness by Herzberg’s 2-factor theorem
  • Blomberg Sallamari: English A1: The Portrayal of Death in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter Series. Rowling’s Influence on the Readers’ Beliefs about Death
  • Eksymä Viivi: Biology: Comparing the similarity of the results of four different physical fitness tests as a measure of physical fitness
  • Göktas Göksel: Mathematics: Constructive Solid Geometry. Generation, Refinement and Manipulation of Triangle Meshes in Two and Three Dimensional Euclidean Space in Function of Procedural Generation and Boolean Logic
  • Hautamäki Jenni: English B: How does the language of men and women affect social relationships in Pride and Prejudice and Bridget Jones’s Diary? The language of men and women based on Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and Helen Fielding’s Bridget Jones’s Diary.
  • Heinämaa Emmi: English A1: Why has Pullman included daemons in His Dark Materials? An exploration of what Pullman loses and what he gains through the inclusion of daemons in his trilogy.
  • Hurskainen Henri: Chemistry: A comparison of different methods of synthesizing aspirin
  • Jansons Matiss: English B: Is it possible to make reader come in another reality/time, by writing perfect tales using material about tiny details, which were popular during this period of art?
  • Jurvakainen Elisa: Psychology: To What Extent is Media Violence a Contributor to Aggression in Children and Adolescents?
  • Kajula Anniina: English B: The role of tea in the English culture
  • Kannasmaa Johannes: Physics: How does broadcasting over FM affect sound quality
  • Kantola Venla: Chemistry: Determination of the amount of aluminium released from an aluminium pan using complexometric back titration
  • Karimi Ashegh: Physics: Is it possible to study the physical properties of loudspeaker using simple school’s equipment?
  • Karjalainen Joni: History: Did the Vikings have any kind of concept for honour?
  • Kaukua Petra: Business and Management: How could Pentik Oy extend its brand into children’s clothes?
  • Kemppainen Pauliina: Business and Management: How can an International IT company improve its pre-departure training programme to ease the acculturation process of its employees.
  • Koivisto Jonne: Finnish A1: Länsimaalaistuminen Lähi-idässä. Havaintoja kirjallisuudesta. mediasta ja populaarikulttuurista
  • Kokins Kaspars: Psychology: To what extend Hatha Yoga affects people’s stress levels?
  • Komulainen Hanna: Psychology: Gender Stereotypes: Can They Disappear Before They Develop?
  • Korhonen Jasmi: Psychology: The effect of post-event information on memories. To what extent can misleading post-event information affect the testimony of an eyewitness?
  • Koskinen Juuli: English B: The presentation of homosexuality in the TV series Sex and City, Will & Grace, Queer as Folk and The L-word
  • Kostamovaara Johanna: Finnish A1: Syömishäiriö Sofi Oksasen teoksessa Stalinin lehmät
  • Kärkkäinen Heini: Finnish A1: Kontekstin käyttö ja merkitys Mika Waltarin historiallisessa romaanissa ”Sinuhe egyptiläinen”
  • Leppävuori Liisa: History: Why was it necessary for the Allied Forces to bomb Dresden in the Second World War?
  • Lukkarinen Juho-Tuomas: Psychology: Homosexuality: Innate or learned?
  • Maciejeck Julia: History: Between 1852 – 1890 why did Germans emigrate from Bremerhaven and how did their hopes fulfill in the USA?
  • Mitikka Maarit: Finnish A1: Tarvitaanko sodassa sankareita? Suomalaisen sotilaan sankarillisuus ja antisankarillisuus Väinö Linnan Tuntemattomassa sotilaassa ja Esa Sirénin Iskujoukkueessa
  • Mustonen Mia: Psychology: How does the presence and role of the primary caregiver influence a child’s attachment and social development?
  • Niskanen Matti: Physics: How does a dynamic hifi loudspeaker work?
  • Pesu Tommi: Mathematics: Generalization of poker in terms of suits and cards per suit; and how to calculate hand strength midgame
  • Petäsnoro Riikka: History: The Meiji Ishin as an Influencing Factor during Early-Shouwa Period. To what extent was the militarism of the early-Shouwa period caused by the influence of the self-consolidating effort of the Meiji Ishin?
  • Preen Nicholas: English A1: How Does Setting Emphasise Fear In Isaac Asimov’s I-Robot?
  • Rahkola Laura: Business and Management: How Does The Country of Origin Affect Finnish Consumer Attitudes?
  • Saarinen Sofia: Finnish A1: Fantasiakirjallisuuden elementit Päivi Honkapään teoksessa Viides tuuli
  • Sanderson Maria: English A1: The presentation an significance of Good and Evil in children’s novels
  • Semenoff Tiia: Chemistry: Investigation of chemiluminescence reaction of luminol to detect blood
  • Sipola Miikka: Psychology: What is the relationship of playing violent video games to aggressive behaviour in adolescents and children?
  • Stenfors Sebastian: Business and Management: How can Construction Automation Company Stenfors PLC enter the market in St. Petersburg?
  • Suomalainen Heikki: Psychology: Can dreams be consciously controlled?
  • Tervo Hanna-Elina: Psychology: Is depression a product of culture?
  • Tewelde Habte Yohana: English A1: How does Philip Pullman utilize Lyra’s character to develop his idea of Dust?
  • Tohmo Sanna: Finnish A1: Nainen, mies ja avioliiton kahleet. Naiskuva ja naisen asema teoksissa Työmiehen vaimo ja Huojuva talo
  • Tuovinen Olli: History: Caesar’s return to Rome and his motives when crossing the river Rubicon
  • Tuunanen Sanna-Mari: History: The Cult of Stalin. How did the use of arts contribute to the creation of the Stalin cult?
  • Urpelainen Else: English B: How does the Australian football impact to the Australian culture?
  • Verkasalo Linda: English B: What is the significance of fox hunting in Great-Britain for its culture and animals?
  • Virranniemi Greta: Psychology: What are the Factors Affecting Psychological Well-Being among Homosexual Youth?
  • Välipirtti Jussi: Economics: Limitations of Finnish Government Policies to Promote Sustainable Consumption
  • Väyrynen Laura: Chemistry: The analysis of vitamin C in juice samples of different temperatures
  • Weissenfelt Carita: Theatre: What were the aims of Athol Fugard’s The Island and South African protest theatre, and how were they achieved?


  • Ahola Sari: English B: How does Jane Yolen’s Briar Rose develop and make use of the fairy tale of Sleeping Beauty?
  • Al Amir Jasmin: Biology: How does intensity of light influence the pigments found in specific biological stains?
  • Ala Henni: English A1: The Use of Motion and Its Disruption in Robert Frost’s “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”, “Acquainted with the Night” and “On a Tree Fallen Across the Road”
  • Andreou Elena: Psychology: To What Extent Does Evolutionary Psychological Theory Explain Physical Attraction?
  • Ariyaeimehr Kasra: Physics: Study of Bending in a Model Bridge using Michelson Interferometer
  • Aspelund Janne: Finnish A1: Työn merkitys Pohjantähden alla: Millä tavalla työ ohjaa Linnan hahmojen käytöstä ja kehitystä teoksessa Täällä Pohjantähden alla?
  • Cook Stephanie: Psychology: To what extent does gender affect the likelihood of becoming anorexic?
  • Hannonen Lotta: Finnish A1: Julian jalanjäljissä: Mikä on intertekstuaalisuuden funktio Minna Canthin näytelmässä Papin perhe?
  • Haverinen Sanna-Mari: Finnish A1: Psykodynaaminen näkökulma Teuvo Pakkalan romaaniin Pieni elämäntarina
  • Heinämaa Elisa: English B: The portrayal of women’s position and role in fairytales. How are the position and role of women in relationships and marriage portrayed in Angela Carter’s short stories The Bloody Chamber and The Company of Wolves.
  • Hietala Jenna: English B: How does Candace Bushnell create the negative image of having a relationship in New York through description of the characters and their actions in her novel, Sex and the City?
  • Hiltunen Ville: Chemistry: Chemistry of Honey: Investigating monofloral honeys and their chemical properties
  • Hirvisalo Emma: English A1: The Solace of Postmodern Reality: How do the characters use their imagination as an act of consolation in Nicole Krauss’s The History of Love?
  • Hänninen Miika: Computer Science: Evaluation of SCTP as a modern alternative for TCP
  • Jauhiainen Samu: Business and Management: hoe to improve the motivation of idesco Oy employees by using non-financial motivation methods?
  • Juffer Yorick: History: An analysis of British departure from Palestine. To what extent did British policies/departure lead to the civil war in 1947?
  • Juntunen Noora-Kaisa: Finnish A1: Moniäänisyys Maija Vilkkumaan lyriikassa
  • Karppinen Ilona: Psychology: To What Extent Do Family Dynamics Determine the Development of Schizophrenia?
  • Koirikivi Rainer: Computer Science: Comparison of Python and C++ with focus on the development of two-dimensional computer games
  • Kovalainen Jenni: Biology: The Effect of Glycemic Index of the Breakfast on Blood Glucose Levels over Two Hour Period
  • Kupiainen Silja: Business and Management: How does a TV commercial affect the awareness of the West Coast brand?
  • Laitila Kirsi: Finnish A1: Naisen onni PMMP:n lyriikoissa. Voiko nainen löytää onnea?
  • Laitinen Sami: Mathematics: Minimisation in Analytic Geometry
  • Lamberg Emma: Business and Management: How can Nokia Siemens Networks use non-monetary methods to motivate employees from different cultures?
  • Leskinen Kalle: Chemistry: Drug analysis performing color and spectroscopic test for different medicines and spices.
  • Lundström Tuomas: Psychology: To what extent could psilocybin be used in medical use for depression?
  • Martikainen Niina: Finnish A1: “Oi uni, jumalten lahja”. Unet ja unelma Eino Leinon runoissa
  • Marttila Topi: History: Weapon caching case in Finland after the Continuation War in Oulu area. What were the reasons for weapon caching and who were behind it?
  • Moisanen Jenni: Finnish A1: Miten nuoret puhuvat runoissaan rakkaudesta?
  • Myllymäki Mikko: Mathematics: Heronian triangles – triangles where sides are consecutive integers and area is a whole number
  • Mäkelä Katariina: Biology: The effectiveness of using Gatorade on a 1500 m run
  • Niemeläinen Jenni: English B: Steal this EE. How does A. Hoffman refer to authorities in his book “Steal this book” and what is the effect?
  • Niskanen Laura: Finnish A1: Zara, Aliide, Anna Liisa – Kuinka pelko ilmenee naisissa Minna Canthin näytelmässä Anna Liisa ja Sofi Oksasen romaanissa Puhdistus?
  • Ollanketo Niina: Psychology: Cultures of touching – To what extent does touching behaviour vary according culture?
  • Pasanen Arttu: History: The eradication of Christianity from Japan during the late 16th and early 17th century. What were the reasons and the impact of the imperial edicts on the eradication of Christianity between 1587 and 1639?
  • Penttilä Elisa: History: How did the Quiet Revolution affect the preservation of French language in the province of Quebec?
  • Poolsopha Chatree: Biology: using Effective Microorganism instead of chemical fertilizer
  • Pozdniakova Natalia: English B: How are cultural stereotypes of greed used in William Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice and Marina Lewycka’s novel A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian? Cultural stereotypes of greed in literature.
  • Raappana Olli: History: Winter war of 1939 – 1940. What significance did the use of motti tactic have to the course of the Winter War of 1939 – 1940?
  • Rekilä Elina: Business and Management: How can Oulun Työterveys motivate their employees through non-monetary methods of motivation
  • Röppänen Tuomo: Biology: The effects of caffeine – a literature review and experiment on the effects to the recovery heart rate after exercise
  • Saastamoinen Jesperi: Finnish A1: “Mutta minä näytän sille, mihin mies pystyy ja mitä mies kestää”. Vanhenevan miehen kuvaus Ernest Hemingwayn teoksessa Vanhus ja meri ja Antti Hyryn teoksessa Aitta
  • Schroderus Tiina: Finnish A1: Kuinka henkilökuva muodostuu Veikko Huovisen teoksissa Hamsterit ja Koirankynnen leikkaaja
  • Seppänen Samu: Physics: The Physics of Table Tennis
  • Solomon Meron: English A1: How identity is treated in The Colored Museum
  • Säilynkangas Sami: History: Blitzkrieg in Action. A study of Usage of Lightning War in Three Major Military Operations of WWII in 1939 – 1941
  • Tajakka Johanna: Biology: The effect of caffeine on blood pressure
  • Varis Katariina: English B: How are women represented in magazine advertisements?
  • Vuorma Ville: Chemistry: An experimental and theoretical investigation to determine amount of vitamin C in lemon juice at different temperatures
  • Ylisaukko-oja Anssi: Chemistry: Theoretical and experimental consideration of kinetics of chemiluminescence in glow sticks


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