Jacksonian Democrats Essay
710 Words3 Pages
Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the United States Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity. In light of the following documents and your knowledge of the 1820's and the 1830's, to what extent do you agree with the Jacksonian's view of themselves.
Unlike previous presidents, Andrew Jackson represented the common men. He and his followers did not support the aristocrats, but instead favored the interests of farmers and urban workers. When they gained power, the Jacksonian Democrats brought about great advances in creating a more democratic and economically equal society.
One of the most important changes that Jackson brought was a much more democratic…show more content…
Jacksonian Democrats believed that any American was capable of holding government office. Jackson also said that if a man were to hold office for a lengthy period of time, he would be capable of "tolerating conduct from which an unpracticed man would revolt".
Along with rotation, the Jacksonian Democrats reestablished the spoils system. Jackson fired any previous office holder who was not a loyal Democrat. He would then appoint a Democrat to that position. The spoils system and rotation were advances toward greater political democracy, because they showed that one man is just as good as another is.
In addition to creating a more democratic country, Jackson also tried to establish equal economic opportunity for the people of America. The best example of this is the vetoing of the charter of the Bank of the United States. The bank was a huge monopoly. It was ran by aristocrats, most of which were from England. Nicholas Biddle, who was the president of the bank, often used funds from the bank to lend money to the members of Congress, thus wining their support.
In his veto message, Jackson wrote, "It is to be regretted that rich and powerful too often bend the acts of government to their selfish purposes." This was true, since the bank was used to provide for the interests of the rich and not the common men such as the small farmers and urban workers.
The attempt to create
Jacksonian Democracy Dbq
- Length: 1046 words (3 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
Jacksonian Democrats help create a more democratic America and because of this, believed themselves to be many things, real and fictional. In most cases they perceived themselves as defenders of equal economic opportunity, even though they sometimes put their own interests before those of the people. They also thought of themselves as guardians of political democracy, while at the same time using class differences to their advantage and emotionalized speeches, lacking real intellectual merit, to stir support. Jacksonian Democrats felt that they were the protectors of the Constitution and of individual liberties but many times they put their rivalry with the Northeastern industry and Whig politics before these things. While Jacksonians have much correct in their view of themselves as guardians of political democracy, equal economic opportunity and individual liberty, they were often more important in developing these concepts than protecting them.
Jackson was a strong opponent of the unequal and aristocrat dominated economic structure of most of America. He was very against the Bank of America because he believed it to have a monopoly on banking and felt that it was owned and run unjustly by wealthy aristocrats who were not always Americans (B). It must also be noted however, that while the Bank of America was undoubtedly corrupt (Nicholas Biddle is known to have given sums of money to close friends, and was also known to regularly bribe newspapers and similar media.) it also did what it was supposed to do very well. It provided money and credit to many of the lower classes that Jackson defended, and also was the source of much economic growth. As a result of this veto Jackson established pet banks in many Western areas to try to appease his main group of supporters and build up the rivalry between the agrarian South and West and the industrial North (C). Many immigrants found that one of the first things they discovered upon entering America was a sense of economic equality and lack of poverty, which are exactly the things Jackson was working towards (D). The case Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge decided that a charter given a person or group to do a service does not allow that group to have complete rights over this service. This decision supports the Jacksonian Democracy ideas that the rights of the community are more important than the rights of business (H).
How to Cite this Page
|Essay on AP HISTORY-Jacksonian Democracy - DBQ: Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian democracy was created during the antebellum America. The Jackson democrats made an attempt to grant power to the lower classes while decreasing the influence of the rich and potent. The Jacksonian democrats viewed themselves as saviors of the common people and ruled by the means of a powerful executive branch who attempted to destroy aristocracy in America. In reality, they were typically very wealthy, they disregarded the capability of the federal government, and they desired equality only for the white man.... [tags: document based question Essays Papers]||663 words|
|DBQ On Jacksonian Democrats Essay - It is agreeable that the Jacksonian Democrats perceived themselves as strict guardians of the United States Constitution. It is not agreeable with how they went about preserving the political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity they stood for. While trying to create this balance, Jackson used tactics favorable only to his opinion. Jackson’s main idea was to rid of aristocracy, giving the power to the poorer classes, standing against rich white men. The flaw in their scheme was that the people who came up with this idea were all rich white men.... [tags: Advanced Placement US History]||487 words|
| The Jacksonian Democratic Party Essay example - When George Henry Evans cited the unalienable rights of the Declaration of Independence and that, “’to secure these rights’ against the undue influence of other classes of society, prudence… dictates the necessity of the organization of a party, who shall…prevent dangerous combinations to subvert these indefeasible and fundamental privileges”, he called for a party to become the sentinel of the original American democracy. And for many, the Jacksonian Democratic Party filled that role. The Democrats, who pursued a democracy that entailed economic and social independence for the common citizen, faced harsh opposition from the Whig Party in the Second American Party System.... [tags: Jacksonian Democracy]|
:: 11 Works Cited
|DBQ 1820s 1830s Essay - For quite some time Americans have been led to believe that during the 1820s and 30s, Jacksonian Democrats were the guardians of the people, and worked to improve the nation for the people. The truth remains, however, that during this period, President Jackson vetoed a bill to recharter the Bank of the United States of America, infringed on the rights of Native Americans, used “brute” force to bring Southerners under submission during the Tariff of 1832. He enacted the Spoils System which did not guarantee the best leadership, and was morally corrupt.... [tags: essays research papers]||731 words|
|Essay about Andrew Jackson Document Based Question - During The Jacksonian Era many different views and ideas were predominant about the United States. The Jacksonian Democrats were a loose coalition of different peoples and interests pulled together by a common practical idea. That idea was that they all were followers of President Andrew Jackson. Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as guardians of the Constitution when in fact they were not. When dealing with politics and ideas within the Democratic Party of the time the Jacksonians proved to be both guardians and violators of the Constitution.... [tags: AP US History American DBQ]||1140 words|
|Jacksonian Democracry Essay - Jacksonian Democracy Between the years of 1775 and 1825, the United States government was hypocritical with respect to their Native American policy. The government, at most times, claimed to be acting in the best interest of the Native Americans. They claimed that their actions were for the benefit of not only their own citizens, but for the Native Americans, too. These beneficial actions included relocation from their homeland, murder in great numbers, rape, and a complete disregard for the various cultures represented by the Native Americans.... [tags: Native Americans Indians]||888 words|
|Jacksonian Democracy Essay - Jacksonians proved to be both guardians and violators of the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and economic opportunity. Throughout the Jacksonian era the Jacksonians proved to be violators of the United States Constitution and not the guardians they believed themselves to be. Both the Jacksonians and President Jackson went against the Supreme Courts regarding cases that were said to be constitutional. An instance in which the Jacksonian Democrats violated the Constitution was in the "Trail of Tears".... [tags: Government Politics US History]||779 words|
|Jacksonian Democracy Essay - Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian democracy was created during antebellum America. The Jackson democrats attempted to aggrandize the puissance of lower classes poor while decreasing the influence of the rich and potent. Economically, they benefited from governing during a time of paramount advances in transportation, which boosted commerce and helped the common man. Politically, they invested power into an overwhelmingly powerful executive branch. The Jacksonian democrats portrayed themselves as saviors of the common people and ruled via a powerful executive who attempted to destroy aristocracy in America.... [tags: essays papers]||744 words|
|Essay on Jacksonian Democracy - Jacksonian Democracy Andrew Jackson began a whole new era in American history. Amongst his greatest accomplishments were evoking the "common man" to be interested in government and tailoring democracy to satisfy the same "common man’s" needs. Of course, Jackson could not go about making such radical changes without supporters, but that never surfaced as a problem. Jacksonian Democrats, as they came to be called, were great in number during the 1820’s and 1830’s. They advocated all of the issues that President Jackson did, and did so with great vigor.... [tags: American History Government Essays]||1053 words|
|Jacksonian Democracy Essay example - Topic: Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the United States Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity. In light of the following documents and your knowledge of the 1820's and 1830's, to what extent do you agree with the Jacksonians' view of themselves. Andrew Jackson began a whole new era in American history. Amongst his greatest accomplishments were evoking the "common man" to be interested in government and tailoring democracy to satisfy the same "common man's" needs.... [tags: Policial Science]||1144 words|
However, it is also important to know that Taney was elected by Jackson, and his decision, well supporting economic equality, also set a precedent for states' intervention in commerce.
The Jacksonian Democrats were very important in the revolutions in political democracy that took place during this period. During this period universal white male suffrage took place and was the first step towards the revolution of the common man in politics. Also, Jackson's acceptance and support of the two-party system helped create a more democratic America in which people with similar views could unite in their support of a singular candidate. Many "working men" of this time period had felt they had been taken advantage of and misrepresented by tyrannical aristocrats who treated them poorly (A). Jackson used this to his advantage with emotionalized speeches exploiting class differences. However, it should be said that during this time period the amount of voters increased dramatically which means that more Americans were involved in American politics (D). Jackson's use of the "Kitchen Cabinet" kept his knowledge of critics and the wants and needs of the people up to date. While many criticized him for this, the kitchen cabinet did in fact help protect political democracy as it kept Jackson aware of the common man. Finally the spoils system was clearly undemocratic. It advocated the employment of uneducated people unfit for government positions for no reason other than that they had supported Andrew Jackson. This system denies able minded people the right to contribute and instead replaces them with people who have no right being in government at all. In one case a man named Samuel Swartwout was given the position of Collector of Customs in New York fled to Europe with over a million dollars that belonged to the American government.
Jacksonians felt that they were the guardians of the Constitution and defenders of individual liberty. As a President Andrew Jackson felt that he was responsible to the common people as he was their elected leader. This influenced him in many decisions. However, when he defied the Supreme Court in the Worcester v. Georgia case, saying, "John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it," he was clearly defying the Constitution and the individual liberties of the Cherokees because of a personal vendetta with John Marshall. After this he moved thousands of Native Americans, killing more than half, saying it was for the good of the common man (G). He also vetoed the bill for an interstate road through Kentucky claiming it was unconstitutional to make internal improvements. Document F influenced Jackson toward anti-abolition, a view he clearly expressed in has 1835 annual message to Congress. He tried to institute a "gag rule" which would stop abolitionist pamphlets and letters from entering Congress, which would be a severely unconstitutional breech on the freedom of speech of many Americans (F). While Jackson used the veto inappropriately he also used it well. He supported his vetoes with valid statements regarding his reasons and thoughts as to why he thought a bill violated the rights of the people (B). He also showed that he could be a defender of the Constitution during the Nullification Crisis. His belief that the states lacked personal sovereignty under the Constitution lead him to threaten South Carolina with military force, a tactic that proves his belief in the Constitution and its power.
While Jacksonian Democrats may have been hypocritical calling themselves the guardians of the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty and equal economic activity, they did do many things that encouraged each of these things. Their actions may have been more influenced by selfish desires and anti-industrial/Northeast attitudes than by the good of the people at some points, but they also followed through on their true democratic beliefs in many others. For these reasons Jacksonian Democrats were more developers and helpers than guardians of these democratic foundations.