India has never produced a poet like Rabindranath Tagore (also Rabindranath Thakur). He is undoubtedly the greatest Indian poet after Kalidas. He is now recognized in the whole world as one of the greatest poets and writers of all countries and all ages.
Rabindranath Tagore was born in a rich and cultured family at Jorasanko in Calcutta (now Kolkata) on May 7, 1861. Maharshi Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Debi were his parents. His mother died in 1875 when he was just 14 years old. He began writing poems from his very childhood.
He was a poet, a painter, a patriot, a philosopher, a novelist, an educationist, singer, story writer, essayist, critic, constructive worker and what not. But it is mainly as a poet that Tagore is known to us. His subtle artistic sense, his wisdom, his wide experience of life and deep understanding of human character as reflected through his novels and short stories, and the uncommon beauty of his language and style, soon established him as the greatest poet and writer, not only of Bengal, but of the whole of India. His important works are “Geetanjali”, “Rabindra Sangeet”, “Amar Shonar Bangla”, “Ghare-Baire”, etc. The Nation Anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”, was composed by him.
In 1913, Rabindranath was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature for English version of “Geetanjali.” Rabindranath became the first Indian, even the first Asian to get this great award. He also founded Vishwabharati University at Santiniketan in 1902. He had endless love for his country and countrymen. Tagore rejected “Knighthood” in protest against Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919.
He travelled extensively in different countries of Europe, America and Asia and delivered lectures in universities and public meeting on education. Together with Gandhiji he thought of the welfare of the people of India. His nationalism and patriotism made him great and noble.
Rabindranath can be compared with Rabindranath alone. He is considered the greatest figure in modern Indian Renaissance. We look upon him as the source of beauty and knowledge and as the inspiration of all noble thought and great ideas. Rabindranath is no more with us. But his ideas and ideals will continue to inspire and encourage the whole humanity in the days to come.
Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles, Famous and Great Personalities of India
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There have been many great authors of fame in India. Rabindranath Tagore is my favourite author. He wrote many novels, poems, short stories and plays. He stand for Indian culture in all respects. He was also an educationalist, a social reformer, a musician and a religious preacher. He was a great son of India.
Once in thousand years comes a man through whom the soul of an entire nation expresses itself. Such was Valmiki in ancient India ; such was Homer in Greece, Dante in Italy and such was Rabindranath in modern India. “He is,” in the words of Prof. Sarvapally Radhakrishnan, “ the greatest figure in modern Renaissance.” India expressed her dreams and aspirations, her ancient wisdom and modern questioning through him. For long years, the light of his genius, as vast and as innumerable as the ocean, lighted the literary sky of Bengal, nay of India.
Tagore’s father was a landlord and a social reformer. It was a landlord family of Bengal. One of his brothers was an I.C.S. officer. Tagore was born in Kolkata on May 6, 1861. He was the youngest son of Maharishi Davendra Nath and grandson of prince Dwarka Nath Tagore. He was taught at home. He did not attend any school or college. He was educated in the open university of the world. He began to write in Bengali at an early age. He started a magazine. His belief was that the first language of the people was the first thing for an India writers. He wrote books in Bengali till he was fifty years of age.
He went abroad at the age of 52. People of other countries welcomed him as a noble ambassador od the Indian people. He was officially received by many governments. His book “Gitanjali” won for him the Nobel Prize in Literature. The king of England gave him the title of “Sir” in 1915. In 1919, he renounced it as a protest against the British repressive policy in Punjab.
Tagore felt that the Indians did not get proper education. He opened his own famous school at Shantiniketan. Later. this school became a centre of culture. It became a university.
He poems are full of the beauty of nature, love of God and children. He is, without doubt, the greatest India poet. He is called the “Shelley of Bengal”. He is an inspired singer who sings because he cannot help singing. He is a master both of rhyme and rhythm. Out of his books of poems, the “Gitanjali” is the best. His song, “Jan-Gan-Man” is our national anthem. His novels “Gora” and “wreck “
are very famous. His short stories de3al with touching human experience. One cannot forget his sotire like “The Home-Coming”, “Cabuliwalah” ‘subha’and “The Postmaster.” His other important works are the ‘The Crescent Moon’, One Hundred Poems of Kabir’, ‘My reminiscences’, ‘Broken Ties’, etc. Tagore was successful in every field of writing. He is beyond appreciation, beyond praise, beyond comparison. He was a versatile genius. His best works have been translated into many foreign languages and have been linked by the one and all. In short, he is such a great writer as is born in a country only once in many countries.