Meaning of National Integration and Communal Harmony:
National Integration refers to the perception of single national identity among people of a country belonging to various races, castes and religion.
Communal Harmony refers to the harmony, acceptance and love among the people of various communities belonging to different castes, races and religion.
Communal Harmony is the most important pre-condition for feeling of Unity and National Integration in India.
From time Immemorial, it has been seen that different races fought battles against each other on Indian soil and got themselves firmly entrenched, but India has assimilated them all into her blood. The conflicting cultures were at last modeled by this country to her own genesis and pattern.
India has witnessed a great diversity of faith and religion from the earliest times, but this has not interfered with the peaceful pursuit of the ways of life of different sections. Christians and Jews who came to India in the first century of the Christian era found hospitable reception here. After several centuries, the Parsis and Muslims received equal reception. Ever since then, India has been marked by the prosperity of communities belonging to different religions. The people of India values the importance of National Integration.
The dictum of catholicity of Indian Culture, ‘live and let live’, have been forged through ages, different religious races and cultures of the vast country into a united concept of oneness that is India. It was this inherent unity and communal harmony which enabled India to fight against the British might as one man for freedom.
What Constitution says?
The Preamble to the Constitution described India as a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and secures to all citizens liberty of thought, expression belief, faith and worship.
Articles 25 to 30, in particular, guarantee to everyone the right of freedom of religion freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate religion.
Communal Harmony is a pre-requisite for National integration in India
Communalism endangers National Integration. National integration is thus an established fact. Why are we then worried? The cause of anxiety is the separatist tendency which tends to endanger the age-old communal harmony and unity of the country. The fissiparous tendencies like aggressive communalism, regionalism, linguism, religious bigotry and casteism are threatening the natural integration. Let us therefore, study the genesis and forms of operation of these tendencies, so that concrete steps may be taken to eliminate these trends from our society.
The foremost danger to National Integration is rapid communalism.
Communalism’s ugliest manifest is communal riots which occur in this country with a disconcerting frequency. The worst affected States are Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar and also in Delhi city.
Admittedly, there is no doubt that the communal question was nurtured and grew to menacing proportions with the politically motivated encouragement given by British rulers to certain communities. The expectations of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru did not come into reality. The spurt of communal riots in the post independence years is as a reminder of the harsh reality and proved that communalism has now deeper roots than before. Now, steps should therefore, be taken to to strengthen the feeling of National Integration, Unity and Communal Harmony.
Linguism is yet another problem and sectarian sentiment which has been granulated in the recent past. The reorganization of states on linguistic basis is considered to have given impetus to linguism. Again, the adoption of Hindi as the official language of India roused linguistic sentiments.
Casteism constitutes yet another potential threat to the Communal Harmony and National Integration in India. From the time immemorial this system has been grown up. Now it is one of the great problems of our society. Casteism might have done well but at the moment it endangers our national unity. But it is a misfortune that our political parties in their keenness to win the elections have revived caste feelings.
It is the sacred duty of our political leaders to inject the importance of communal harmony in their political programs. The danger of communalism can be averted if the self-defeating and suicidal slogans like ‘my state’, my language’, my caste’ and after all ‘my religion’ are supreme, give way to the noble sentiment of India first and last and always. It will integrate our emotions and aspirations and ensure Communal Harmony and National integration of the country. Then the slogan ‘unity in diversity’ will be true and be our hopes and aspirations.
Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles
National integration is the togetherness and oneness felt by the citizens (even after having differences in cast, creed, religion, culture, language, region, etc) of any country to maintain the national unity and integrity as well as build a strong and prosperous nation.
Essay on National Integration
National integration is a way to make people aware about the power of unity among people living in a country. It makes people aware about the necessity of Rastriya Ekta by bringing equality among people of different culture, race, cast and religion. We have provided essay on national integration in various words limit for your lovely kids and school going children. Let them know about national integration in very simple words and sentences. Let your children be smart enough in the class by helping him to learn such simple national integration essay.
National Integration Essay 1 (100 words)
National integration is also known as Rastriya Ekta and National integration day as Rastriya Ekta Diwas. It is a positive aspect to reduce the differences of socio-cultural and economic as well as inequalities among people of the country. It promotes to strengthen the unity among people of any group, society, community and whole country to bring national unity a day. It is not a force by any authority however it is a request from people to make our country a developed country. It is possible only through the unity and harmony of the people. They should share their ideas, values and other issues to enhance their emotional bonds. People must feel and live the unity within diversity and make our national identity a supreme power.
National Integration Essay 2 (150 words)
National integration is of great importance in India to enhance the individual level development in this country and make it a strong country. In order to make people aware of it completely, it is celebrated as an event every year on 19th of November (birthday anniversary of first woman Indian prime minister, Indira Gandhi) as National Integration Day (means Rastriya Ekta Diwas) and National Integration Week ((means Quami Ekta Week) from 19th of November to 25th of November. The real meaning of the integration is combination of various parts to make it one.
India is a country where people from various regions, religions, culture, tradition, race, cast, colour, and creed are living together. So, people integration is must in India to make a national integration. If people from different religions and culture live together by uniting, there will be no any social or developmental problems. It is known as unity in diversity in India however it is not true but we (youth of the country) have to make it possible.
National Integration Essay 3 (200 words)
In India National Integration Day is observed as a most important social event every year on 19th of November. For more awareness among public about the national integration, a whole week programme has also been implemented by the government of India to observe annually as National Integration Week from 19th to 25th November. India is a country famous for its different cultures, traditions, races, religions, castes and creeds but it cannot be unseen that it is still comes under the developing countries because of the diversity in the thinking of people living here. People living here think differently according to their own culture and religion which is a big issue of hindering the individual and country development.
India is famous for its unity in diversity but it is not true as people here are not ready to accept others opinion for development. Everyone always try here that his religion is best than others and what he does is always great. People from different races living here are fighting physically, emotionally, arguing, debating in many ways to prove them best only for their own benefits. They never think by getting together about their country. They never think that the development of our country is possible only with growth and development of individual and single identity of everyone.
National Integration Essay 4 (250 words)
National integration is a process to bring unity among people of different religions to create a single identity of India as “Unity of People”. It is one and only way to remove inequality and other social issues like diversities, racial discriminations, etc in the society as well as strengthen the solidarity and unity. India is a multi-caste and multi-lingual country where people from different castes live and speak different languages. They follow their own customs and traditions according to the religion they belong. In India there is not only a diversity among people of religions, castes, creeds, colours and cultures but there is also a diversity of thinking which is a big issue of improper development in India.
There is a high degree of disintegration exists among Indian people which make a bad present scenario here with communal and other problems. Because of the disintegration in India, we have faced lots of social problems like partition in India in 1947, destruction of Babri Masjid in 1992, riots between people of Muslim and Hindu religions. Barrier of untouchability, barrier of language, status barrier and other social barriers are pulling us back. Various rules and regulations have been planned and implemented by the government of India to bring artificial unity in diversity however it is only human mind which can bring natural unity in diversity among people.
All the social issues arising here is because of the lack of national integration. We all should understand the need and requirement, real meaning and purpose of this national integration. We should live and think equally as well as follow all the rules and regulations by the Indian government for the ultimate development of our country.
National Integration Essay 5 (300 words)
India is a land where contrast people with their unique culture and diverse facets of lifestyle are living. Obviously, it is quite clear that we need to understand the meaning of national integration in our lives and follow everything to give a single identity of our country. People in India belong to different castes, races, religions, communities and cultural groups and lived together for years. Diversity of religions, castes and creeds has enriched the cultural heritage of the India which arisen here a composite culture however it is very clear that India has always lacked political unity.
Indian has attained only once a political unity in the history in 1947 when Britishers were forced to go from here. They had followed various types of planned policies to divide and rule here however finally they became unsuccessful. Some of the points like cultural unity, defensive continuity, constitution, art, literature, common economic problems, national flag, national festivals, national anthem and national emblem are promoting the National Integration in India.
Instead of being from different religions and cases we should recognize that all are one in order to build a strong and prosperous nation. We need to understand the real meaning of the unity in diversity in India. It never means kind of oneness should be here because of racial and cultural similarity, it means that oneness instead of great differences here. India is counted as the country having second largest population all over the world, where more than one thousand six hundred fifty-two languages are spoken and people from all major religions of the world are living here together. In spite of all differences we should co-exist here with each other peacefully without any political or social conflicts. We should enjoy the unity in this great country where everything is diverse to fulfil the purpose of national integration.
National Integration Essay 6 (400 words)
India is a country of diversity in people’s races, religions, languages, castes, etc however unity is also seen here many times under the influence of common territory, history and continuous fight for the freedom from British rule. Britishers followed many years the policy of Divide and Rule in India in order to continue their ruling power over India. However the unity of Indian people from different races, religions and castes makes possible to run away the Britishers. However, after independence disintegration took place which divided India into Bharat and Pakistan.
Indian is a land of various religious communities like Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Jains, Buddhists and Parses. National integration is possible here only when each community live peacefully together, appreciate other community, love people of other community and respect culture and tradition of others. People from each community should observe their fairs, festivals and other great days peacefully. Each community should help each other and share the celebration of religious festivals. Any religious community should not do anything bad which is banned or prohibited in other religious community.
People of different religions speak different languages like Hindi, English, Urdu, Oriya, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Punjabi, etc. There should be equality among people of all religions and same facility for students of all castes. National integration in India is an immediate need in the modern time to bring equality among people of all races and equal growth and development of all communities for the ultimate development of the country. Indian government has founded the Council of National Integration in the hope that people living here would co-operate in fulfilling the purpose of its all programmes.
National integration is one combining group of all the people living of the nation to make a single identity. National integration is a particular sentiment which binds people together into one common bond of nation without noticing the religion, caste, background or language. We should identify ourselves as people of India not as from particular religion or caste. India is a big country having vast population of various creed and castes. It is a heritage rich country however we cannot say it a country having unity of people. It is possible through the huge awareness of the youths of the country. As a youth, we are the future of our country so we should fully understand our responsibility towards our nation and do all the required activities needed for the national integration.
National Integration Day
Speech on National Integration
Slogans on National Integration
Quami Ekta Week
Challenges to National Integration in India
Youth and National Integration in India