Do My Assignment Melbourne International Airport

Virgin Australia will offer a new Friday night service between 30 March 2018 and 26 October 2018. Friday VA37 and VA34 services are subject to regulatory approval.

Flight VA11

From 9 June 2017, Virgin Australia will commence 3 services a week on the Perth-Abu Dhabi route. These flights are subject to Government approval.

Flight VA23

From 4 April 2017, Virgin Australia will commence 5 services a week on the Melbourne-Los Angeles route. These flights are subject to Government approval.

Please note flights VA7468 and VA7469 between Sunshine Coast and Auckland, from 29 October 2017 onwards, are subject to government approval.

Flight VA24

From 4 April 2017, Virgin Australia will commence 5 services a week on the Melbourne-Los Angeles route. These flights are subject to Government approval.

One&Only Hayman Island is temporarily closed due to the impact of Cyclone Debbie. Please note that they are currently unable to accept new reservations until mid-2019

Virgin Australia will offer a new Friday night service between 30 March 2018 and 26 October 2018. Friday VA37 and VA34 services are subject to regulatory approval.

Flight VA12

From 9 June 2017, Virgin Australia will commence 3 services a week on the Perth-Abu Dhabi route. These flights are subject to Government approval.

Please note

Additional Sydney-Apia-Sydney services on 17-18 December and 7-8 January are subject to Government approval.

Please note flights VA7468 and VA7469 between Sunshine Coast and Auckland, from 30 October 2016 onwards, are subject to government approval.

Flights operated from 5 October onwards are marketed by Virgin Australia International. Subject to regulatory approval.

One&Only Hayman Island is temporarily closed due to the impact of Cyclone Debbie. Please note that they are currently unable to accept new reservations until mid-2019

Flights operated from 5 October onwards are marketed by Virgin Australia International. Subject to regulatory approval.

This article is about the Australian airport. For other uses, see Melbourne Airport (disambiguation).

Melbourne Airport
Airport typePublic
OwnerLeased Commonwealth Airport
OperatorAustralia Pacific Airports Corporation Limited
LocationTullamarine, Victoria, Australia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL434 ft / 132 m
Coordinates37°40′24″S144°50′36″E / 37.67333°S 144.84333°E / -37.67333; 144.84333Coordinates: 37°40′24″S144°50′36″E / 37.67333°S 144.84333°E / -37.67333; 144.84333


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Statistics (2015/2016)
Aircraft movements234,789[1]
Economic impact (2012)$6.8 billion[2]
Social impact (2012)47.4 thousand[2]

Sources: Australian AIP and aerodrome chart[3]
Passengers and aircraftmovements from the Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics[4]

Melbourne Airport (IATA: MEL, ICAO: YMML), colloquially known as Tullamarine Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Melbourne, and the second busiest airport in Australia. It was opened in 1970 to replace the nearby Essendon Airport. Melbourne Airport is the sole international airport of the four airports serving the Melbourne metropolitan area.

The airport comprises four terminals: one international terminal, two domestic terminals and one budget domestic terminal. It is 23 kilometres (14 miles) from the city centre, adjacent to the suburb of Tullamarine. The airport has its own postcode—Melbourne Airport, Victoria (postcode 3045).[5]

In 2016-17 around 25 million domestic passengers and 10 million international passengers used the airport.[6] The Melbourne–Sydney air route is the fifth most-travelled passenger air route in the world.[7] The airport features direct flights to 33 domestic destinations and to destinations in the Pacific, Europe, Asia and North America. Melbourne Airport is the number one arrival/departure point for the airports of four of Australia's seven other capital cities.[a] Melbourne serves as a major hub for Qantas and Virgin Australia, while Jetstar Airways and Tiger Airways Australia utilise the airport as home base. Domestically, Melbourne serves as headquarters for Australian air Express and Toll Priority and handles more domestic freight than any other airport in the nation.[9]



Before the opening of Melbourne Airport Melbourne's main airport was Essendon Airport, which was officially designated an international airport in 1950. In the mid-1950s, over 10,000 passengers were using Essendon Airport and the limitations of Essendon Airport were beginning to become apparent. Essendon Airport's facilities were insufficient to meet the increasing demand for air travel; the runways were too short to handle the then new jet airliners and the terminals failed to handle the increase in passengers, by the mid-1950s, an international overflow terminal was built in a new northern hangar. Due to the encroachment of the urban boundary, the airport had become surrounded by residential housing, meaning that expansion of Essendon Airport was not possible.

The search for a replacement for Essendon commenced in February 1958, when a panel was appointed to assess Melbourne's civil aviation needs.[10]

In 1959 the Commonwealth Government acquired 5,300 ha (13,000 acres) of grassland in then-rural Tullamarine.[11]

In May 1959 it was announced that a new airport would be built at Tullamarine, with Prime Minister Robert Menzies announcing on 27 November 1962 a five-year plan to provide Melbourne with a A$45 million "jetport" by 1967.[12][13][14][15] The first sod at Tullamarine was turned two years later in November 1964.[10] In line with the five-year plan, the runways at Essendon were expanded to handle larger aircraft, with Ansett Australia launching the Boeing 727 there in October 1964, the first jet aircraft used for domestic air travel in Australia.[16][17]

On 1 July 1970, Melbourne Airport was opened to international operations by Prime Minister John Gorton, ending Essendon's near two decade run as Melbourne's international airport.[18] Essendon still was home to domestic flights for one year, until they were transferred to Melbourne Airport on 26 June 1971,[19] with the first arrival of a Boeing 747 occurring later that year.[20] In the first year of operations, Melbourne handled six international airlines and 155,275 international passengers.[20]

Melbourne Airport was originally called 'Melbourne International Airport'. It is at Tullamarine, a name derived from the indigenous name Tullamareena.[16] Locally, the airport is commonly referred to as Tullamarine or simply as Tulla[21][22] to distinguish the airport from the other three Melbourne airports: Avalon, Essendon and Moorabbin.

On opening, Melbourne Airport consisted of three connected terminals: International in the centre, with Ansett to the South and Trans Australia Airlines to the North. The design capacity of the airport was eight Boeing 707s at a rate of 500 passengers per hour, with minor expansion works completed in 1973 allowing Boeing 747s to serve the airport.[23] By the late 1980s peak passenger flows at the airport had reached 900 per hour, causing major congestion.[23]

In late 1989, Federal Airports Corporation Inspector A. Rohead was put in charge of a bicentennial project to rename streets in Melbourne Airport to honour the original inhabitants, European pioneers and aviation history. Information on the first two categories was provided by Ian Hunter, Wurundjeri researcher, and Ray Gibb, local historian. The project was completed but was shelved, with the only suggested name, Gowrie Park Drive, being allocated, named after the farm at the heart of the airport. During the 1920s, the farm had been used as a landing site for aircraft, which were parked at night during World War II in case Essendon Aerodrome was bombed.[24]

Expansion and privatisation[edit]

In 1988, the Australian Government formed the Federal Airports Corporation (FAC), placing Melbourne Airport under the operational control of the new corporation along with 21 other airports around the nation.[20]

The FAC undertook a number of upgrades at the airport. The first major upgrades were carried out at the domestic terminals,[20] with an expansion of the Ansett domestic terminal approved in 1989 and completed in 1991, adding a second pier for use by smaller regional airlines.[25][26] Work on an upgrade of the international terminal commenced in 1991,[20] with the 'SkyPlaza' retail complex completed in late 1993 on a site flanking the main international departure gates. The rest of the work was completed in 1995, when the new three-level satellite concourse was opened at the end of the existing concourse. Diamond shaped and measuring 80 m (260 ft) on each side, the additional 10 aerobridges provided by the expansion doubled the international passenger handing capacity at Melbourne Airport.[27]

In April 1994, the Australian Government announced that all airports operated by FAC would be privatised in several phases.[28] Melbourne Airport was included in the first phase, being acquired by the newly formed Australia Pacific Airports Corporation Limited for $1.3 billion.[20] The transfer was completed on 30 June 1997 on a 50-year long-term lease, with the option for a further 49 years.[29] Melbourne Airport is categorised as a Leased Commonwealth Airport.[30]

Since privatisation, further improvements to infrastructure have begun at the airport, including expansion of runways, car parks and terminals. The multi-storey carpark outside the terminal was completed between 1995 and August 1997 at a cost of $49 million, providing 3,100 parking spaces, the majority undercover.[20] This initially four-level structure replaced the previous open air carpark outside the terminal. Work commenced on the six-story 276-room Hilton Hotel (now Park Royal) above the carpark in January 1999, which was completed in mid-2000 at a cost of $55 million.[31] Expansion of the Qantas domestic terminal was completed in 1999, featuring a second pier and 9 additional aircraft stands.[31]

In December 2000, a fourth passenger terminal was opened: the Domestic Express Terminal, located to the south of the main terminal building at a cost of $9 million. It was the first additional passenger terminal facility to be built at Melbourne Airport since 1971.[32]

Expansion of carparks has also continued with a $40 million project commenced in 2004, doubling the size of the short term carpark with the addition of 2,500 spaces over six levels, along with 1,200 new spaces added to the 5,000 already available in the long term carpark.[33] Revenue from retail operations at Melbourne Airport broke the $100 million mark for the first time in 2004, this being a 100 per cent increase in revenue since the first year of privatisation.[33]

In 2005 construction works were undertaken to prepare the airport for the arrival of the double-decker Airbus A380. The main work was the widening of the main north–south runway by 15 m (49 ft), which was completed over a 29-day period in May 2005.[34] The improvements also included the construction of dual airbridges (Gates 9 and 11) with the ability to board both decks simultaneously to reduce turnaround times, the extension of the international terminal building by 20 m (66 ft) to include new penthouse airline lounges, and the construction of an additional baggage carousel in the arrivals hall. As a result, the airport was the first in Australia to be capable of handling the A380.[35] The A380 made its first test flight into the airport on 14 November 2005.[36] On 15 May 2008 the A380 made its first passenger flight into the airport when a Singapore Airlines Sydney-bound flight was diverted from Sydney Airport because of fog.[37] Beginning services in October 2008, Qantas was the first airline to operate the A380 from the airport, flying nonstop to Los Angeles International Airport twice a week. This was the inaugural route for the Qantas A380.[38]

In March 2006 the airport undertook a 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) expansion of Terminal 2, and the construction of an additional level of airline lounges above the terminal.[39] In 2008 a further 25,000 m2 (270,000 sq ft) expansion of Terminal 2 commenced, costing $330 million with completion in 2011. The works added 5 additional aerobridges on a new passenger concourse, and a new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) outbound passenger security and customs processing zone.[40]


Melbourne Airport's terminals have 68 gates: 53 domestic and 15 international.[41] There are five dedicated freighter parking positions on the Southern Freighter Apron.[42] The current terminal numbering system was introduced in July 2005; they were previously known as Qantas Domestic, International, and South (formerly Ansett Domestic).[43]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 hosts domestic and regional services for Qantas Group airlines, Qantas and QantasLink (which is located to the northern end of the building). Departures are located on the first floor, while arrivals are located on the ground floor. The terminal has 16 parking bays served by aerobridges; 12 are served by single aerobridges whilst four are served by double aerobridges. There are another five non-aerobridge gates, which are used by QantasLink.

Opened with Melbourne Airport in 1970 for Trans Australia Airlines, the terminal passed to Qantas in 1992 when they acquired the airline. Work on improving the original terminal commenced in October 1997 and was completed in late 1999 at a cost of $50 million,[31] featuring a second pier, stands for 9 additional aircraft, an extended access roadway and the expansion of the terminal.[20]

Today, a wide range of shops and food outlets are situated at the end of the terminal near the entrance into Terminal 2. Qantas has a Qantas Club, Business Class and a chairman's lounge in the terminal.[44][45]

Terminal 2[edit]

This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(July 2014)

Terminal 2 handles all international, and limited domestic, flights out of Melbourne Airport, and was opened in 1970. The terminal has 20 gates with aerobridges. Cathay Pacific, Malaysia Airlines, Qantas (which includes two lounges in Terminal 2, a First lounge and a Business lounge/Qantas Club), Singapore Airlines, Air New Zealand, Etihad Airways and Emirates all operate airline lounges in the terminal.[45][46]

The international terminal contains works by noted Australian Indigenous artists including Daisy Jugadai Napaltjarri and Gloria Petyarre.[47]

A$330 million expansion programme for Terminal 2 was announced in 2007 and was completed in 2012. The objectives of this project include new lounges and retail facilities, a new satellite terminal, increased luggage capacity and a redesign of customs and security areas.[48] A new satellite terminal features floor-to-ceiling windows offers views of the North-South runway. The new concourse includes three double-decker aerobridges which are gates 16, 18 and 20, each accommodating an A380 aircraft or two smaller aircraft and one single aerobridge. The baggage handling capacity will be increased, and two new baggage carousels will cater to increased A380 traffic.[49]

Although described as a satellite terminal, the terminal building is connected by an above-ground corridor to Terminal 2. Departures take place on the lower deck (similar to the A380 boarding lounges currently in use at Gates 9 and 11), with arrivals streamed on to the first floor to connect with the current first floor arrivals deck. All gates including 18 and 20 are now handling passengers.

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3 opened with the airport as the Ansett Australia terminal, but is now owned by Melbourne Airport. Terminal 3 is home to Virgin Australia. It has eleven parking bays served by single aerobridges and eight parking bays not equipped with aerobridges.

An expansion of the terminal was approved in 1989 and completed in 1991 when a second pier was added by Ansett to the south for use by smaller regional airline Kendell.[25][26] The terminal was used exclusively by the Ansett Group for all its domestic activities until its collapse in 2001. It was intended to be used by the "new Ansett", under ownership of Tesna; however, following the Tesna group's withdrawal of the purchase of Ansett in 2002, the terminal was sold back to Melbourne Airport by Ansett's administrators.[50] As a result, Melbourne Airport undertook a major renovation and facelift of the terminal, following which Virgin Australia (then Virgin Blue) moved in from what was then called Domestic Express (now Terminal 4),[51] and has since begun operating The Lounge in the terminal, using the former Ansett Australia Golden Wing Lounge area.[45][52] Regional Express also operates an airline lounge in the terminal.[53] The second pier of T3 was lost to the new T4, out of the ten gates they will be reclaiming three. While the others will be owned By Tigerair Australia. Check-In facilities for Virgin Australia will still be in T3.

Terminal 4[edit]

Terminal 4 – originally called the Domestic Express or South Terminal – is dedicated to budget airlines and is the first facility of its kind at a conventional airport in Australia. It was originally constructed for Virgin Blue (Virgin Australia) and Impulse Airlines. Virgin Blue eventually moved into Terminal 3 following the demise of Ansett.[54] A$5 million refit began in June 2007[55] along the lines of the budget terminal model at Singapore Changi Airport and Kuala Lumpur International Airport. Lower landing and airport handling fees are charged to airlines due to the basic facilities, lack of jet bridges, and fewer amenities and retail outlets compared to a conventional terminal. However, the terminal is located next to the main terminal building, unlike in Singapore and Kuala Lumpur. The terminal was rebuilt by Tiger Airways Australia, which has used it as its main hub since it operated its first domestic flight on 23 November 2007.[56]

Jetstar Airways confirmed its involvement in discussions with Melbourne Airport regarding the expansion of terminal facilities to accommodate for the growth of domestic low-cost services. The expansion of Terminal 4 includes infrastructure to accommodate Tiger Airways Australia and Jetstar Airways flights. The development cost hundreds of millions of dollars.[22] In March 2012 it was announced that in October the same year T4 is to break ground, an expected completion of July 2014 was released, but was pushed back to late August 2015 and opened on 18 August 2015. The new T4 terminal is 35,000 m2 (380,000 sq ft) and linked "under one roof" with T3. Terminal 4 is currently used by Tigerair Australia, Regional Express Airlines, Jetstar and Airnorth. In November 2015 Jetstar moved into T4.Three Gates are dedicated to Virgin Australia. Currently the Tigerair Australia Pier is not fully complete; while they are building it, there is a makeshift walkway to the gates. Jetstar has triple the amount of gates they had at T1. [57]

Southern Freighter Apron[edit]

The Southern Freighter Apron has five dedicated freighter parking positions which host 21 dedicated freighter operations a week.[42] In August 1997, the fifth freighter parking position and the apron was extended.[20]

Other facilities[edit]

Melbourne Airport is served by four hotels. A Parkroyal Hotel is located 100 m (330 ft) from Terminal 2 atop the multi-level carpark. Work commenced on the six-story 280-room hotel in January 1999 and was completed in mid-2000.[31] The hotel was originally a Hilton but was relaunched as the Parkroyal on 4 April 2011.[58]Holiday Inn has an outlet located 400 m (1,300 ft) from the terminal precinct. Ibis Budget offers lodgings located 600 m (2,000 ft) from the terminals. Mantra Tullamarine opened in 2009, 2 km (1.2 mi) from the terminal precinct.[59]



Melbourne is the second busiest airport in Australia. The airport is curfew-free and operates 24 hours a day, although between 2 am and 4 am, freight aircraft are more prevalent than passenger flights.[60] In 2004, the environmental management systems were accredited ISO 14001, the world's best practice standard, making it the first airport in Australia to receive such accreditation.[61]


Melbourne Airport has two intersecting runways: one 3,657 m (11,998 ft) north–south and one 2,286 m (7,500 ft) east–west. Due to increasing traffic, several runway expansions are planned, including an 843 m (2,766 ft) extension of the north-south runway to lengthen it to 4,500 m (14,764 ft), and a 1,214 m (3,983 ft) extension of the east–west runway to a total of 3,500 m (11,483 ft).[62] Two new runways are also planned: a 3,000 m (9,843 ft) runway parallel to the current north–south runway[62] and a 3,000 m (9,843 ft) runway south of the current east–west runway.[62] The current east west runway extension and new third runway are expected to cost $500-750 million with major construction set to begin around 2019 and be complete by 2022-2024, pending approval.[63] Traffic movement is expected to reach 248,000 per annum by 2017, necessitating a third runway.[64]

On 5 June 2008, it was announced that the airport would install a Category III landing system, allowing planes to land in low visibility conditions, such as fog. This system was the first of its kind in Australia,[65] and was commissioned March 2010 at a cost of $10 million.[10]

Melbourne airspace control centre[edit]

In addition to the onsite control tower, the airport is home to Melbourne Centre, an air traffic control facility that is responsible for the separation of aircraft in Australia's busiest flight information region, Melbourne FIR. Melbourne FIR monitors airspace over Victoria, Tasmania, southern New South Wales, most of South Australia, the southern half of Western Australia and airspace over the Indian and Southern Ocean. In total, the centre controls 6% of the world's airspace.[66] The airport is also the home of the Canberra approach and Melbourne approach facilities, which provide control services to aircraft arriving and departing at those airports.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


AirAsia XKuala Lumpur–International
Air CanadaVancouver (resumes 3 June 2018)[68]
Air ChinaBeijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong
Air IndiaDelhi
AirnorthToowoomba Wellcamp[69]
Air New ZealandAuckland, Christchurch, Queenstown, Wellington
Alliance AirlinesCharter:Uluru/Ayers Rock, Sydney[70]
Beijing Capital AirlinesQingdao, Shenyang[71]
Cathay PacificHong Kong
Cebu PacificManila (begins 14 August 2018)[72]
China AirlinesTaipei–Taoyuan[73]
China Eastern AirlinesShanghai–Pudong
China Southern AirlinesGuangzhou, Shenzhen[75]
EmiratesAuckland (ends 25 March 2018),[76]Dubai–International, Singapore
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi
Fiji AirwaysNadi
Garuda IndonesiaDenpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Hainan AirlinesChangsha,[77]Xi'an[78]
Japan AirlinesTokyo–Narita[79]
Jetstar AirwaysAdelaide, Auckland, Ayers Rock,[80]Ballina, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brisbane, Cairns, Christchurch, Darwin, Denpasar, Gold Coast, Ho Chi Minh City ,[81]Hobart, Honolulu, Launceston, Newcastle, Osaka–Kansai, Perth, Phuket, Proserpine,[82]Queenstown, Singapore, Sunshine Coast, Sydney, Townsville, Zhengzhou[83]
LATAM ChileSantiago de Chile[84]
Malaysia AirlinesKuala Lumpur–International
Philippine AirlinesManila
QantasAdelaide, Alice Springs, Auckland, Brisbane, Broome, Cairns, Canberra, Christchurch, Darwin, Denpasar (begins 23 June 2018) [85], Dubai–International (ends 23 March 2018),[86]Gold Coast,[87]Hamilton Island,[82]Hobart, Hong Kong, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Perth, San Francisco (begins 1 September 2018),[88]Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo–Narita,[89]Wellington
QantasLinkBrisbane,[90]Canberra, Devonport, Hobart, Launceston, Mildura, Sydney
Seasonal:Kingscote,[91]Sunshine Coast[92]
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Regional Express AirlinesAlbury, Burnie–Wynyard, King Island, Merimbula, Mildura, Mount Gambier, Wagga Wagga
Royal Brunei AirlinesBandar Seri Begawan
Shanghai AirlinesShanghai–Pudong
Sichuan AirlinesChengdu
Singapore AirlinesSingapore, Wellington (begins 3 May 2018)[93]
SriLankan AirlinesColombo[94]
Thai AirwaysBangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin AirlinesChongqing[95]
Tigerair AustraliaAdelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Canberra,[96]Coffs Harbour,[97]Gold Coast, Hobart, Perth, Sydney, Townsville[98]
United AirlinesLos Angeles
Vietnam AirlinesHo Chi Minh City
Virgin AustraliaAdelaide, Auckland, Brisbane, Cairns, Canberra, Christchurch, Darwin, Gold Coast, Hamilton Island, Hobart, Hong Kong,[99]Kalgoorlie–Boulder, Launceston, Los Angeles,[100]Mildura, Nadi, Newcastle, Perth, Sunshine Coast, Sydney
XiamenAirHangzhou, Xiamen


The following airlines operate cargo-only services from Melbourne Airport's Southern Freighter Apron:

Australian airExpressAdelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Canberra, Gold Coast, Hobart, Launceston, Perth, Sydney, Townsville
Cathay Pacific CargoHong Kong, Sydney, Toowoomba Wellcamp
MASkargoKuala Lumpur–International, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Sydney
Polar Air CargoCincinnati, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Sydney
Singapore Airlines CargoAuckland, Singapore
Toll AviationSydney–Bankstown
Toll PriorityBrisbane, Perth, Sydney
Toll Priority
operated by Toll Aviation
Adelaide, Brisbane, Sydney

Traffic and statistics[edit]

In 2016-17 Melbourne Airport recorded around 25 million domestic passenger movements and around 10 million international passenger movements.[6] In that year there were 239,466 aircraft movements in total.[101] Melbourne is the second busiest airport in Australia for passenger movements, behind Sydney and ahead of Brisbane.

YearDomestic passengersInternational passengersDomestic aircraft movements^International aircraft movements^Passengers per domestic aircraftPassengers per international aircraft

^ Passenger service movements only (excludes freight).


Terminal 1 hosts Qantas and QantasLink domestic flights

The second pier at Terminal 1 was built in 1999.

T2 International Terminal
Gate 13 used by Virgin Australia at T4
Melbourne Airport terminal precinct prior to reconstruction of Terminal 4


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